Diagnosis of heart disease
before discharge from the hospital, the doctors it is clear that
a child that something is wrong. He is sluggish, it would be hard to eat, turning blue - this
signs of overt pathology. The child exhibit symptoms of heart
failure. Most often, it is very unfavorable situation.
while listening to the doctor detects noise. Noises
forced to carefully examine the heart, although it is not necessarily
a sign of the UPU. Then an ultrasound examination of the heart and
If heart disease is detected, the child is sent for consultation to the cardiologist and surgeon.
According to the survey, pediatric cardiologists and surgeons decide whether the operation is necessary in your case.
Usually, the cause of birth defects may be a viral infection, which suffered the mother during pregnancy.
Women who smoked, consumed alcohol and
drugs during pregnancy have a huge risk of having a baby with
congenital heart disease.
The risk for having a child with CHD also includes women who give birth after 35 years.
Types of congenital heart disease
The defect of the heart walls. Left and right heart chamber divider.
If there is a hole in it, which normally should not be, then
You can talk about the ventricular septal defect.
This is the most common disorder. If the defect is not very large, the development of the child is not disturbed.
Patent ductus arteriosus. Requires surgery, complications are rare.
Tetralogy of Fallot - heavy
Combination of heart disease. Not handled children rarely
survive to adolescence. But modern operational methods allow
get rid of this disease. Symptoms of the disease skip
impossible: a child cyanotic, shortness of breath, fainting.
Signs and symptoms of heart disease
It depends on the severity of the defect. The main symptoms in children are shortness of breath and cyanosis (bluish skin color).
Treatment vice Cerda
For small defects, treatment is needed. Protect the child from
excessive physical exertion. In severe defects - only operation and
the faster the better!