Smear on cervical cytology
Pap test - a screening method for earlydiagnosis of precancerous and cancerous tumors of the cervix. Pap test is recommended for all women over 30 years. Taking the smear is performed during a pelvic examination by a gynecologist. Special mikroschetkami epithelium samples collected from the surface of the cervix and cervical canal. The material is transferred to microscope slides for further processing and analysis. The procedure is painless, requires no special training.
Interpretation of the results on Pap smear
The results of the analysis on the Pap smear can benegative and positive. Thus the quality of the smear preparation indicated, the presence of leukocytes in the field of bacteria and fungi. The pathological picture and the conclusion described by Bethesda system.
Classification of Pap smear results (Bethesda, 2001):
- the absence of dysplasia or cancer cells (NILM) - negative;
- presence of atypical glandular cells: inflammatory changes (AGUS-NOS), suspected invasive growth (AGC, favor neoplastic), malignant neoplasm of the cervix (AIS);
- presence of atypical squamous cells: inflammatory lesions (ASC-US), mild dysplasia (LSIL, CIN1), moderate (CIN2), severe (HSIL, CIN3), malignancy (CIS).
The presence of single atypical cellsevidence of inflammatory changes. A large number of atypical cells - a sign of precancerous lesions (high-grade dysplasia). The presence of cells with signs of malignancy - the initial stage of cervical cancer (AIS, CIS). The analysis results are not the final diagnosis!