Explanation of analysis for sugar
Sugar analysis determines the level of glucose in urine and blood, which makes it possible to diagnose diabetes.
in the areas of research give the surgeon, internist, urologist, endocrinologist, gynecologist.
Analysis of the sugar level is indicated for:
- suspected diabetes;
- adjusting diet diabetic and calculating insulin doses or drugs;
- reaching 45 years for glucose control;
- diagnosing certain endocrine diseases;
- general survey;
- during pregnancy;
- determining the threshold of blood sugar.
Terms blood test for sugar:
- on an empty stomach in the morning;
- per day to limit the consumption of sweets, alcohol, fruits;
- do not brush your teeth sugar-paste, delete the cud;
- do not hand over the analysis of an exacerbation of disease, injury.
Transcription analysis of blood from the finger of sugar in mmol / liter:
- lower critical index - 2.3, and much lower - hypoglycemia;
- norm - 3,3-5,5;
- for pregnant women - 3,3-4,0;
- 5.5-6.0 - Pre-Diabetes;
- above 6.1 - diabetes;
- above 7.0 - diabetes (blood from a vein);
- above 11.1 - diabetes can - when the current blood test, taken without regard to food intake and time of day;
- upper critical rate - 25.0 and above - hyperglycemia.
Note that the glucose level in the vein is lower than in an artery.
If the results are uncertain, hold tolerance test (GTT):
- above 11.0 - diabetes;
- less than 7.8 - the norm;
- from 7.8 to 11.0 - prediabetes.
Analysis of urine for sugar shows kidneyability to excrete excess sugar. This occurs when the level of glucose in the blood to 8,0-11,00. If detected in the urine sugar, which means that its blood levels are much higher than normal.
Normally no glucose.
- thorough toilet of the external genitalia;
- in the morning on an empty stomach;
- midstream urine in a pharmacy container;
- for 1.5 hours after collection of the material should be transported to the laboratory.