What is anemia?
Anemia occurs in all periods of human lifeOnly in various diseases, but also in certain physiological conditions, such as pregnancy, during enhanced growth, lactation. The most common cause of anemia - iron deficiency in the body (iron is needed to make hemoglobin).
Symptoms of anemia:
- Often there are no symptoms
- Unusual shortness of breath during exercise
- Rapid heartbeat
- Cold hands and feet
- Brittle nails
What causes iron deficiency?
Iron deficiency in the body can be caused by several reasons:
The disadvantage of iron in the diet. This phenomenon is especially common among children andyoung girls. Iron deficiency threatens children who drink a lot of milk, but do not like foods rich in iron, and the girls who observe trendy diets.
Increased growth of the organism. Children under 3 years are growing so fast that their body does not have time to produce the necessary amount of iron.
Pregnancy.Women during pregnancy or breastfeeding (lactating) need two and a half times more iron than men. Therefore, pregnant women are advised to be tested for anemia and enrich the diet with foods high in iron (eg, apples), or take a daily dietary iron supplementation.
Blood loss. This is one of the most common causesiron deficiency in adults. For example, anemia can cause heavy menstruation. Blood loss may also be associated with internal bleeding, such as in the gastrointestinal tract. A stomach ulcer, ulcerative colitis, cancer or long-term use of such drugs as aspirin and the like, can cause stomach or intestinal bleeding. It is therefore important to determine the cause of iron deficiency in the body as quickly as possible.
How to diagnose anemia?
If you suspect that you have anemia, see your doctor. To diagnose anemia prescribe a blood test. necessary to carry out a number of other tests to determine the causes of the disease.
Can I prevent anemia?
Some types of anemia can be prevented inSpecifically, due to lack of iron in the diet. To prevent this anemia, enrich the diet with iron-rich foods, a sample list of which is given below.
- liver and meat
- dried fruits - dried apricots, prunes and raisins
- Beans, especially lima beans
- green leafy vegetables like broccoli and spinach
- cane molasses
- whole grains
- fortified bread and cereal (see packaging information)
How to treat anemia?
Treatment of anemia depends on its cause. So, if the anemia is caused by blood loss, you need to treat the cause of the bleeding. If the anemia is caused by insufficient intake of iron-containing products, the doctor will recommend to change diet or take iron supplements.
How to increase iron intake?
Best of all the body perceives the iron in meat. The consumption of a small amount of meat together with other iron sources, for example, certain vegetables, the body will provide the necessary amount of iron. The combination of iron-containing foods with vitamin C or foods rich in vitamin C (citrus fruits and juices) contributes to a better absorption of iron by the body.
Some foods interfere with the absorption of iron,including coffee, tea, egg yolk, milk, fiber and soy protein. Try not to use these products in combination with iron-containing foods whenever possible.
Is it dangerous to nutritional iron supplements?
Iron supplements can cause stomach upset, heartburn and constipation. Be sure to tell your doctor if you notice at these side effects.