The mechanism of occurrence of hypoglycemia, symptoms and causes of its development - is very diverse. This pathological condition is accompanied and marked decrease in the concentration of glucose below 3.5 mmol / l.
First of all, it should be among the causal factorsnote overdose of insulin in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, may occur when focal neurological disorders, epileptiform symptoms, loss of consciousness and even coma. Errors of diet and poor nutrition, insufficient or late food intake, inadequate physical activity, alcohol abuse, tumors, a critical failure of any organ, hormonal disorders, intravenous saline - all of these factors can trigger the development of hypoglycemia.
Signs of hypoglycemia manifested by anxiety,excitement, fear and anxiety, excessive sweating and palpitation. Among the symptoms that point to reduce the sugar level is called muscle tremors, dizziness and fainting, pale skin and the constant feeling of hunger.
Idiopathic hypoglycemia syndrome or Mac Curry- A concept that endocrinologists considered synonymous and are considered as a hereditary disease caused by a delayed collapse of insulinase, an enzyme that breaks down insulin. Usually the syndrome is manifested before the age of 2 years, and especially in boys. The first signs of the disease may become spontaneously upcoming hypoglycemia occurs most often on an empty stomach, weakness, sweating, tremors, convulsions and even coma, while noting brain damage.
There reactive hypoglycemia that occurs regularly after meals rich in monosaccharides. In this case, the differential diagnosis based on the presence of the following criteria:
- the rapid decline in the concentration of glucose;
- signs of symptomatic hypoglycemia;
- reduction or complete disappearance of hypoglycemia after repeated ingestion.
It is worth noting that this type of hypoglycemiaIt is not common, but it is known that patients complain of fatigue, drowsiness, irritability, anxiety, fatigue, depression, some confusion, headache and shivering inside. Some patients notice these symptoms in the morning, shortly after waking up, but they held some time after the meal.
Reaction to a drop in glucoseblood manifested increased release of adrenaline. Why is this happening? The brain is particularly sensitive to the level of blood sugar as glucose its main energy source of cells. It responds immediately to a fall of sugar and sends a signal to the adrenal glands, which actively secrete epinephrine, which stimulates the release of sugar from the accumulated glycogen - this leads to an increase in glucose levels and improvement of the patient's condition.
In this adrenaline causes the symptoms of anxiety,nervousness, sweating, trembling, dizziness, palpitations. Severe hypoglycemia may cause confusion, behavior changes, which can be taken as a manifestation of intoxication. A sharp drop in sugar can disrupt the function of the brain, lead to irreversible damage to it, of frustration, convulsions and coma.
It should be noted that this condition oftenpeculiar people receiving insulin or drugs for the treatment of diabetes. When the characteristic signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia - fatigue and sweating, headache, weakness, dizziness and trembling of hands is recommended to self with the Meter. Treatment of hypoglycaemia is taking 1-20 g of rapidly absorbed carbohydrates, sugars, but not fructose. Instantly receive rapid effect brings pure glucose tablets, a very sweet drink: tea, coffee, fruit juice or fruit drink. When a critically low level of sugar the patient shows emergency assistance, which consists in the intravenous administration of 40% glucose or glucagon.