Thyroid disease

Content

  • Thyroid disease
  • How to manifest thyroid disease
  • Treatment of thyroid disease



  • Thyroid disease

    Endocrinologists
    sounding the alarm over the past decade, the frequency of thyroid diseases
    cancer has risen sharply. This is due largely to poor diet,
    chronic stress, and other adverse conditions.

    The increase in size of the thyroid gland - goiter -
    often causes the patient to seek medical advice first. Incidentally,
    normal thyroid volume (according to US) in men 9-25 ml at
    Women - 9-18 ml. An examination of the doctor detects an increase in the entire gland
    or just separate parts of it. Accordingly, diffuse determined
    goiter and nodular goiter.

    Diffuse goitre may be due to different
    processes in the thyroid gland. The most common autoimmune isolated
    thyroiditis (Hashimoto's thyroiditis), endemic goiter, Graves'
    goiter (toxic goiter or Graves' disease). However, diffuse goiter may
    be the result of taking the drugs (thyreostatics), some food
    additives.

    Nodular goiter - is the formation of one or
    multiple thyroid nodules. These formations can be both
    benign (BPH) and malignant.

    The next step is to determine the diagnostic function
    state of the thyroid gland - determining the level of hormones. There are
    Hypothyroidism - the lack of hormones, and hyperthyroidism (or thyrotoxicosis) - their surplus.



    How to manifest thyroid disease

    Thyroid disease
    hypothyroidism
    characterized by a slowing metabolism, worsening
    the cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract,
    inhibition of mental and sexual activity. Sometimes hypothyroidism can
    to give a complication of coma, which can occur in the elderly
    in the absence of treatment.

    Most often leads to hypothyroidism, autoimmune thyroiditis (thyroiditis
    Hashimoto's) operation injury thyroid, pituitary diseases,
    sometimes lack of iodine in the diet. Autoimmune thyroiditis - a disease in which cells of the thyroid gland "by mistake"
    are destroyed by the immune system, which accepts them as alien.


    Hyperthyroidism (thyrotoxicosis)
    - The reverse state
    hypothyroidism: an excess of thyroid hormone causes all bodies
    work with increased intensity, reduced weight, marked
    mental changes (irritability, frequent mood swings).
    However, most patients are forced to see a doctor outside
    symptoms: bulging eyes, swelling of the eyelids, double vision.

    The most common cause of hyperthyroidism - diffuse toxic goiter (toxic goiter or Graves' disease) - enlargement of the thyroid gland and overproduction of hormones.
    Hyperthyroidism can be caused by hormonal active nodes (one
    or multiple). Less commonly, the cause is pituitary disease
    overdose of thyroid hormones, sometimes - increased intake of iodine
    with food. Goiter toxic can be complicated by the development of exacerbation
    extreme hyperthyroidism - thyrotoxic crisis - threatening
    state of life.


    Treatment of thyroid disease

    goiter Treatment depends on its hormonal
    activity. In hypothyroidism treatment of goiter reduced to replacement
    hormone therapy. Sometimes it is possible to improve performance
    thyroid due to the activation of its internal resources.
    Autoimmune thyroiditis requires mandatory immune to
    exclusion of further damage to the thyroid tissue.

    goiter Treatment of hyperthyroidism may be medicated
    (Drugs that inhibit the formation of hormones), or surgery. After
    determining the form of the disease is developed tactic of treatment. but
    operations are carried out very often in cases where it would be possible
    do other treatments. Therefore, any treatment of goiter
    origin must be carefully planned, and the primary role
    It plays a full and competent diagnosis.

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