sounding the alarm over the past decade, the frequency of thyroid diseases
cancer has risen sharply. This is due largely to poor diet,
chronic stress, and other adverse conditions.
The increase in size of the thyroid gland - goiter -
often causes the patient to seek medical advice first. Incidentally,
normal thyroid volume (according to US) in men 9-25 ml at
Women - 9-18 ml. An examination of the doctor detects an increase in the entire gland
or just separate parts of it. Accordingly, diffuse determined
goiter and nodular goiter.
Diffuse goitre may be due to different
processes in the thyroid gland. The most common autoimmune isolated
thyroiditis (Hashimoto's thyroiditis), endemic goiter, Graves'
goiter (toxic goiter or Graves' disease). However, diffuse goiter may
be the result of taking the drugs (thyreostatics), some food
Nodular goiter - is the formation of one or
multiple thyroid nodules. These formations can be both
benign (BPH) and malignant.
The next step is to determine the diagnostic function
state of the thyroid gland - determining the level of hormones. There are
Hypothyroidism - the lack of hormones, and hyperthyroidism (or thyrotoxicosis) - their surplus.
How to manifest thyroid disease
hypothyroidism characterized by a slowing metabolism, worsening
the cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract,
inhibition of mental and sexual activity. Sometimes hypothyroidism can
to give a complication of coma, which can occur in the elderly
in the absence of treatment.
Most often leads to hypothyroidism, autoimmune thyroiditis (thyroiditis
Hashimoto's) operation injury thyroid, pituitary diseases,
sometimes lack of iodine in the diet. Autoimmune thyroiditis - a disease in which cells of the thyroid gland "by mistake"
are destroyed by the immune system, which accepts them as alien.
Hyperthyroidism (thyrotoxicosis) - The reverse state
hypothyroidism: an excess of thyroid hormone causes all bodies
work with increased intensity, reduced weight, marked
mental changes (irritability, frequent mood swings).
However, most patients are forced to see a doctor outside
symptoms: bulging eyes, swelling of the eyelids, double vision.
The most common cause of hyperthyroidism - diffuse toxic goiter (toxic goiter or Graves' disease) - enlargement of the thyroid gland and overproduction of hormones.
Hyperthyroidism can be caused by hormonal active nodes (one
or multiple). Less commonly, the cause is pituitary disease
overdose of thyroid hormones, sometimes - increased intake of iodine
with food. Goiter toxic can be complicated by the development of exacerbation
extreme hyperthyroidism - thyrotoxic crisis - threatening
state of life.
Treatment of thyroid disease
goiter Treatment depends on its hormonal
activity. In hypothyroidism treatment of goiter reduced to replacement
hormone therapy. Sometimes it is possible to improve performance
thyroid due to the activation of its internal resources.
Autoimmune thyroiditis requires mandatory immune to
exclusion of further damage to the thyroid tissue.
goiter Treatment of hyperthyroidism may be medicated
(Drugs that inhibit the formation of hormones), or surgery. After
determining the form of the disease is developed tactic of treatment. but
operations are carried out very often in cases where it would be possible
do other treatments. Therefore, any treatment of goiter
origin must be carefully planned, and the primary role
It plays a full and competent diagnosis.