As we age, many of us are starting to complain aboutreduced visual acuity, even if before us this was not typical. It is very important to pay attention to the first signs of deteriorating vision and seek medical advice. Indeed, many age-related diseases eye "younger", and the first symptoms develop after 35-40 years.
To date, one of the mostcommon eye diseases that threaten a significant reduction of disability and the second half of life is age-related macular degeneration (AMD). According to WHO, in the coming decades, the incidence of AMD will increase by 3 times.
Risk factors for the development of age-related degenerationinclude age, genetic predisposition, atherosclerosis, hypertension, smoking, exposure to direct sunlight, an unbalanced diet. And observations show that women suffer more often than men.
In the development of AMD, the main role is played by oxidativestress in the tissues of the eye. Oxidative stress acts throughout life, but the results are especially noticeable with age, when there is a depletion of protective reserves. The so-called the retina is very sensitive to oxidative stress, because need a lot of oxygen.
In the retina, which is constantly exposedextremely high levels of exposure to light, as a result of oxidative stress begin to intensively produced free radicals. Recent contribute to damage of proteins, nucleic acids and cells of the eye of biological membranes.
A significant role in the development of AMD play general and local disease, leading to the deterioration of blood supply and the power of eye tissues, such as atherosclerosis.
Deficiency of antioxidants needed, especiallyvitamins A and E in the body accelerates the development of AMD. Therefore, the basic rules laid down for the prevention of AMD, it's quitting smoking, balanced diet, weight loss, exercise.
Since the effect of light plays a significant rolein the development of AMD, recommend wearing sunglasses high quality, which absorb blue light, especially when on the sea, near water, snow and in the mountains.
Among the compounds that may protect the retina fromoxidative stress and the development of AMD, a specific role for the so-called carotenoids, which is representative of lutein - a widespread natural pigment. The human body can not synthesize lutein, so its flow is directly related to food (lutein contained in products colored in yellow and orange colors) and receiving a part of antioxidant complexes.
Numerous studies have shown that lutein provides antioxidant protection, performs a filter function, protecting the retina from light damage.
Receiving Lutein 6 mg daily reduces the risk of AMD is 43%.
It is important to combine the intake of lutein withherbal antioxidants, vitamins and minerals. A well-known vegetable antioxidant, has a beneficial effect on vision is bilberry extract. Active substances blueberry extract - anthocyanosides, have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, strengthens the walls of blood vessels, reduce the permeability of biological barriers that have a positive effect on the healing process.
Importantly, in conjunction with retinal lutein anthocyanosides improve nutrition and reduced antioxidant-oxidative processes in the tissues of the eye.
On the Russian market registered antioxidant complex "Strix Forte" - Complex with herbal antioxidant (bilberry extract, lutein), vitamins and minerals to protect against age-related eye diseases. Part "Strix Forte " comprises 102 mg of blueberry extract, which corresponds to 20 mg of anthocyanosides, and the 3 mg lutein. Daily dose - 2 tablets - optimal protection against AMD development.
"Strix Forte"Produced by special technology"Actilyse", preventing interaction between a set of components and increases their absorption by the body. Clinical studies on the positive effects "Strix Forte" on the condition of patients with AMD and other age-related eye diseases were carried out on the basis of Russia's leading hospitals.
For many patients with the most complex AMDchallenge is to adapt to the conditions of life due to the reduced view. But training saved peripheral vision and adapting to the environment, as well as using special glasses and taking antioxidant complexes with lutein, patients with AMD have the opportunity to continue their way of life, because it is so important to see the world in all its details!