What is conjunctivitis?
Conjunctivitis - an inflammatory disease of the mucous membranes of the eyes of various etiologies. The disease is accompanied by redness vek.Razlichayut
bacterial, viral and allergic form of conjunctivitis. at
bacterial form is usually infected both eyes and is accompanied
copious mucus. Viral conjunctivitis, usually affects
one eye and is accompanied by tearfulness and light discharge. both
form of the disease is very contagious and easily transmitted through contact with the patient.
- It is an allergic inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eyes. Allergic
conjunctivitis affect around 15% of the total population. Allergic
conjunctivitis may occur as a manifestation of hay fever as
drug allergy is allergic to animals, as a reaction to
contact lenses, etc.
Causes of allergic conjunctivitis
The reasons are various allergens - bacteria, viruses, drugs
care, cosmetics, household chemical, physical and
chemical factors in the chemical, textile, flour
industry, light energy and ionizing radiation and others. In
contact allergen to the mucous membrane in the eyes of people susceptible
to an allergen, an allergic reaction occurs. Allergic
conjunctivitis often associated with such allergic diseases,
as bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis.
Symptoms of conjunctivitis:
itching, burning, a feeling of "sand for centuries", photophobia, eye fatigue.
Loosened, light swelling, conjunctival hyperemia, scant
mucous or muco-purulent discharge. The disease is very
Conjunctivitis is also called the "red-eye disease" because of the characteristic
symptoms: itching or burning sensation in the eyes, tears flow, forever
redden and swell, there is photophobia. often the disease
accompanied by a runny nose and cough.
In allergic conjunctivitis
usually affects both eyes. Very often, allergic conjunctivitis
It is prolonged with minor symptoms and can not be
established by an ophthalmologist or an allergist during the inspection and survey
patient. Most often, in addition to the patient occur conjunctivitis and
other manifestations of allergy. To clarify the specific allergen
It requires a thorough examination, including setting
conjunctivitis is treated under medical supervision. With proper treatment
perhaps the complete disappearance of all symptoms. Treatment is carried out in
for 10-14 days. For treatment it is very important to find out the allergen, which is
It causes disease, and to completely eliminate the possibility of contact with it.
However, this is not always possible. In such cases, the doctor may prescribe
medication. For small symptoms of allergy can be
enough purpose cold compresses. to reduce discomfort.
the doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory In more severe cases,
antiallergic drugs in drops and tablets.
Prevention of allergic conjunctivitis
prevention of allergic conjunctivitis is necessary
minumumu to reduce the possibility of contact with the allergy-causing
substances: household dust, cockroaches, pets, dry
fish food, household chemicals, cosmetics and
etc. With the inevitability of contact necessary to advance to drip into the eyes
Special allergy medications prescribed by the doctor.