- Dysbacteriosis scientifically
- Causes of dysbiosis
- Why gut microbes?
- The consequences of dysbiosis
- How to identify dysbiosis?
Intestine Human - is a special world inhabited by different
microorganisms, each of which performs its functions. In this microcosm,
as well as in the human macrocosm, there are "good and bad", and peace and prosperity
It achieved when "the first held under the control of the second", not allowing
violate the established order and to conduct destructive wars. The state of "lawlessness"
in the intestinal micro-world where "power is shifting to the wicked," doctors call
Dysbacteriosis not defined as a single disease, it
a condition that can accompany many diseases of the gastrointestinal
According to the order
Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation № 231 from 09.06.2003 years, intestinal dysbiosis classified
as "laboratory-clinical syndrome characterized by a change
qualitative and / or quantitative composition of normal microorganisms
transfer them to different kinds of uncharacteristic state and overgrowth,
metabolic and immunologic disorders, as well as in some patients
accompanied by clinical symptoms of intestinal lesions. "
The best-known representatives of the normal microflora
They are human intestinal lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. In addition, the
intestines live Escherichia coli, streptococci, enterococci, and other fungi
microorganisms. The composition of the microflora well balanced in quality and quantity,
violation of this balance entails the development of a number of disease states, ranging
from the banal abdominal discomfort to severe cancer.
Causes of dysbiosis
- Antibiotic therapy.
- Intestinal infections.
- Intestinal parasites.
- Strict diet and starvation.
- Passion for enemas and colon hydrotherapy.
- Abuse of laxatives.
- Frequent SARS.
- Alcoholism, drug addiction, smoking.
- Chronic stress.
Receiving drugs that suppress the immune system,
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, cholagogue, drugs and topically
- Operations in the intestine.
Why gut microbes?
It is important to realize that intestinal microflora - it is not the accumulation of parasites,
a friendly community person who performs a number of important functions.
Intestinal microflora is involved in metabolic processes:
- in digestion and digestion of proteins, fats and carbohydrates;
enhances digestive enzyme function
- regulates cholesterol;
- in the metabolism of bile acids;
It synthesizes vitamins K, C, E, are involved in
the synthesis of steroids, biogenic amines, gamma-aminobutyric acid;
It promotes the absorption of calcium, vitamin D and
"Good" bacteria in the digestive participate in the track
the formation of the immune system and protect people from infections and cancer
Neutralizes toxic substances that penetrate
from outside the body and formed during metabolism.
Stimulates local immunity and resist
They produce substances that have
Inhibit proliferation of herpes virus and
Microbiocenosis intestine is necessary for
normal blood circulation and restore the mucosa.
Given the function of "useful" of microorganisms in the intestine, easily
imagine what happens when they come to replace the disease-causing microbes.
The consequences of dysbiosis
- Digestive disorders and metabolic disturbances
processes. First of all, this results in an increase in body weight up to
- Decreased immunity, high
susceptibility to SARS and other infections, high risk of developing them
- Impaired gall exchange and development
- By increasing the load on the liver detoxification
and kidney, general poisoning of the body, which affects the central work
nervous system, manifested by general weakness, headaches, drowsiness, and
- Violation of the liver, and the synthesis of vitamins
It leads to the development of anemia, bleeding disorders.
- Reduced protective function of the intestine promotes
development of allergic diseases.
- Slowing regenerative processes in the digestive
path leads to the development of gastritis, duodenitis, gastric ulcer and
duodenal ulcers, colitis and other diseases.
- The lack of action leads to onkoprotektornyh
increased risk of breast cancer, stomach, colon.
- The pathology of steroid metabolism leads to disruption
the synthesis of sex hormones, which in women is fraught with dysmenorrhea, men - decline
levels of testosterone and the weakening of potency.
How to identify dysbiosis?
The presence of dysbiosis shows development
rotten-fermentation processes in the gut, manifested breath,
nausea, belching, bloating, and rumbling in the stomach, intestinal colic, unstable
chair and the release of large amounts of gases. Kal at dysbacteriosis becomes
pappy, with the admixture of solids and mucus with sour or putrid odor.
Violation of metabolism and immunity is reflected in the set
weight, increasing or decreasing function of the sebaceous glands, the appearance of pustular
skin diseases. Hypovitaminosis leads to Zayed, dryness and loss
hair thinning and brittle nails.
Intoxication causes unmotivated weakness,
irritability, reduced working capacity.
The most important method of diagnosis is dysbiosis
Bacteriological analysis of feces, which allows you to specify the quantitative and
qualitative composition of intestinal microflora. To determine the degree of violation
digestive spend scatological study to detect diseases
gastrointestinal tract are appointed by gastroscopy, barium enema,