Mycoplasmosis - for many people is not entirely clear diagnosis. Somebody
I heard something, but what that means, not everyone knows. But there mycoplasmosis and can bring a lot of trouble as
women and men. Especially frustrating is that the infection can affect the unborn child.
And since mycoplasma are transmitted most often through sexual contact, it is very important
hygiene sexuality and examined in time for suspected
Mycoplasmosis is sharp
infectious disease in which breathing and may be affected
Called mycoplasmosis mycoplasmas, which exists
about 40 species. But the most dangerous to humans are the mycoplasmas,
affecting the respiratory and urogenital organs. Mycoplasma can be transmitted
sexual, domestic, air-borne, as well as prenatal (from mother to fetus)
means. Often mycoplasma can live together in the body with other microorganisms, sexually transmitted
- Chlamydia, trichomonas, gonococci, and others.
Mycoplasmosis airways. Infection usually occurs through airborne droplets from the
a sick person. The incubation period (time from infection to the beginning
disease) - one to four weeks. The disease usually occurs in the form of either
acute respiratory disease, or in the form of pneumonia.
Acute respiratory disease is often easy, with a gradual start. appears
dry and sore throat, nasal congestion, runny nose. Coughing is not permanent, paroxysmal, lasts 1-2
weeks. High temperature (up to 38º) can hold a few days to
weeks, small temperature increase in the number of cases is kept to 2-3 weeks.
Pneumonia also begins gradually from an acute
respiratory disease, but increases sharply after 3-4 days the temperature (up to
39-40º), which lasts only a few days, after which a small and declining
increase can stay for a long time. The cough is initially dry, then
Mycoplasmosis urinary organs. Infection occurs sexual and domestic (very rarely) by.
The incubation period - from three days to five weeks. The disease is usually
initially runs a chronic, often - asymptomatic.
In men, it is shown the appearance in the morning a small
the amount of discharge from the urethra or pulling pain in the groin
area and redness of the skin of the scrotum with
passing the infection on the epididymis. This sperm can change some of its properties.
Mycoplasmosis women often asymptomatic. When acute course of the disease in women
isolation may appear white or
yellow, pain, burning during
urination and sexual intercourse, pain in the abdomen, in the lumbar region. Mycoplasmosis can cause premature
birth, early discharge of amniotic fluid, fever during labor and
postpartum period for mothers, the development of pneumonia and brain damage in children.
Guile mycoplasmal infections is that the infection does not always lead to the disease.
There is a carrier of infection by healthy people with good immune systems, and
and latent forms of the disease. All this contributes to the further
the spread of the disease.
Men mycoplasmosis change threatens sperm structure and
Women mycoplasmosis is dangerous because it can be transmitted
the fetus during pregnancy. If fetal infection occurred in the early stages
pregnancy, it is possible miscarriage, in the late - fetal
Fetal infection with pneumonia and brain damage.
How is the treatment of mycoplasmosis
Mycoplasmosis usually respond well to treatment. But the peculiarity
it is that most often it strikes a protective impaired men and women
forces of the body (immune system).
Therefore, treatment is not such a simple
task, it must necessarily be carried out in the hospital and include
Only after analysis sensitivity thereto mycoplasmas);
- means that strengthen the immune system and have
- at genitourinary
mycoplasmosis - holding local anti-inflammatory treatment (bath,
douches, suppositories, ointments, etc.).
The criteria for cure with urogenital mycoplasmosis is
the absence of mycoplasmas in laboratory research. For this purpose, after 10 days
after the treatment is carried out in the presence of mycoplasma (seeding material analysis
for special environment). Then, the same crops are held three times a
at monthly intervals immediately prior to menstruation.
How is mycoplasma prevention
Prophylaxis with urogenital mycoplasmosis includes:
- hygiene of sexual life;
- timely examination of the appearance of symptoms of the disease and the complete rejection
- screening for
urogenital infections marrying, pregnant women and newborns;
- observance of sanitary-epidemiological regime
pools (water disinfection).