Mycoplasmosis. ureaplasmosis

Content

  • The manifestations of mycoplasma or ureaplasma infection
  • Diagnosis of Mycoplasma or Ureaplasma infection
  • Treatment of Mycoplasma or Ureaplasma infection


  • Mycoplasia and ureaplasma are quite oftenthe cause of inflammatory diseases of the genital organs in women. At the same time, these microorganisms can exist in a small amount in the vagina of a healthy woman. Ureaplasma is found in 70-80% of women, and mycoplasma in 30%. Mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas can be transmitted by contact, from partner to partner during unprotected intercourse. And after the transmission for a long time to exist in the vagina of a woman, without manifesting itself.

    In the event of a favorable environment for growthand development of these microorganisms in a woman may develop diseases such as mycoplasmosis and ureaplasmosis genitals. Hypothermia, stress, decreased immunity, resulting in acute and chronic infections, joining other diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, can promote the development of mycoplasma and ureaplasma.



    The manifestations of mycoplasma or ureaplasma infection

    Mycoplasmosis. ureaplasmosisThe incubation period of mycoplasosis and ureaplasmosis in5-7 days average. During this period, the pathogen is actively growing and multiplying, and there are no manifestations of the disease yet. After the incubation period, an inflammatory process develops. It can capture the urethra (urethra), the vestibule of the vagina, the Bartholin glands, the cervical canal of the cervix, fallopian tubes and the mucous membrane of the uterus (endometrium). More often, urethritis, vaginitis and endocervicitis develop.

    A woman can celebrate bland itching,burning sensation in the vulva, worse after urination or poor personal hygiene, frequent urination. Vaginal discharge is usually scarce and Just noticeable. Beli are dull slimy character. When developing or mycoplasmal ureaplazmennogo endometritis and adnexitis, there are complaints of minor dull nagging pain in the lower abdomen, extending to the lower back. The woman can observe the changing nature of menstruation. They are painful and plentiful. Sometimes there are spotting between periods. For chronic mycoplasma or ureaplazmennogo inflammation genitals characteristic undulating course with periods of exacerbation and attenuation.

    What is the danger of mycoplasma and ureaplasmaInfection? According to studies, 30% of women suffering from mycoplasmosis and ureaplasmosis, there are spontaneous abortions in early pregnancy, 15-20% - pregnancy is not developing. If the disease develops during pregnancy, increases the risk of "non-viable" of pregnancy, premature birth, and complications of the postpartum period. In the case of infection of the child during the passage through the birth canal sick mother, he later may develop mycoplasma or ureaplasma infection of the respiratory system, reproductive organs.



    Diagnosis of Mycoplasma or Ureaplasma infection

    Mycoplasmosis or ureaplasmosis is diagnosedbased on the analysis of complaints of a sick woman, data from a gynecological examination and the results of laboratory tests. To identify the pathogen, sowing on nutrient media is performed. This research method is pretty accurate. In addition, laboratory diagnostics such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or polymerase chain reaction method are used to detect the presence of mycoplasma or ureaplasma in the body, as well as determine its type.



    Treatment of Mycoplasma or Ureaplasma infection

    Treatment of mycoplasma or ureaplasmafemale genital infections is usually carried out antibacterial agents, which appoints the doctor. An important condition for a favorable outcome of a simultaneous treatment of both partners. Otherwise the probability of re-infection.

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