For many women, a frightening diagnosis "cyst tissueovary "has already sounded, and many of the fair sex may have yet to hear it from your doctor. Unfortunately, the women themselves, and watching their gynecologists often underestimate the danger of this disease. Such carelessness often leads to serious consequences for the health and lives of patients.
What is a cyst in the ovary tissue?
Any cyst - a round thin-walled cavity,filled semi-secret, blood or other content. Ovarian cysts arranged in a similar manner. Depending on the structural features, the content of growth rate and malignancy inclination to the abnormal formation are divided into several types:
- Functional cysts:
Some cysts virtually no harmthe body, while others, on the contrary, can carry a serious threat to the health and lives of women. For example, the formation of functional cysts is directly related to ovarian occurring cyclic transformations. Follicular cyst is formed from unexploded follicle and luteal - from neregressirovavshey temporary endocrine gland that forms after ovulation and produce progesterone. At the heart of these formations are hormonal changes. Most often, functional cyst disappears on its own, as resorption filling their secretions and cystic cavity decay.
Much more difficult is the case with so-calledtrue cysts. The cavity is filled with these entities, depending on the variety, the old blood, serous fluid, thick mucus, embryonic rudiments (hair, fat, cartilage, bones, teeth and other fragments of body tissue) and cysts themselves are capable of reaching gigantic proportions. Furthermore, endometrioid and mucinous cysts highly susceptible to malignant transformation.
How to recognize the disease?
Independently suspect at ovarian cystswomen rarely possible: as a rule, the disease occurs and develops virtually asymptomatic. Only in a few cases, patients report minor pain in the lower abdomen and increase the duration of menstruation. Thus, reveal uncomplicated ovarian cyst can only gynecologist during scheduled periodic inspection. In some, especially difficult cases to put the correct diagnosis is possible only by means of diagnostic laparoscopy.
The ovarian cyst is dangerous?
Eight out of ten ovarian cysts arefunctional and disappear on their own, with the beginning of the next menstrual cycle. In other cases, these abnormal formation increased to a considerable size and cause women severe discomfort, disrupting the work of the neighboring organs.
Pathological formation, having a mushroom shapeon the leg, pose a higher risk of: Accidental twisting leg takes place by displacement cyst feeding blood vessels. As a result, the cyst sphacelating, abscesses and breaks in the abdominal cavity. These developments threaten the woman suffered severe complications - peritonitis.
Often ovarian cyst becomes straight cause of female infertility. However, the most serious complication of it is considered to be a benign cystic degeneration of education into a malignant tumor.
How to restore your health?
Most functional cysts can be easilydosage adjustment. Pathological formation, resulting from hormonal failure, treated using hormonal methods, and cysts formed on the background of the inflammatory process - with the help of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs.
When dermoid, serous, mucinous, andendometrial cysts patients, surgical intervention. At the same tactics of treatment depends on the severity of symptoms, the woman's age and the risk of malignancy cysts. In most cases, the formation of pathological removed by laparoscopy, that is, through the narrow slits in the navel. In the presence of the specific indication (for example, when a cyst reaches too large) patients do abdominal operation with a section of the abdominal wall.
The most important thing in the process - timelyidentifying pathology. That is why every woman should be aware of the importance of regular gynecological examinations and not to neglect routine preventive visits to the doctor.