What is polycystic ovary syndrome?
Polycystic ovaries - is one of the hormonaldisorders that lead to infertility due to the fact that in women not ovulation occurs. To avoid infertility and other complications of polycystic ovaries, you must regularly refer to a gynecologist for routine inspection. at an early stage of the disease increases the chances of a quick identification of healing and reduces the risk of infertility.
Polycystic ovary develops when a violation of functions:
- thyroid gland.
For a variety of data, polycystic ovaries observedabove all in violation of the hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal glands. Therefore, the disease may manifest itself differently - depending on its causes. To establish a diagnosis of polycystic ovaries is not enough diagnostic feature.
Very often there are cases whendiagnosis of polycystic ovary exhibited incorrectly when a pelvic ultrasound. According to foreign authors, ultrasound picture of polycystic ovary can also be observed in normal or in other diseases. This requires a careful comparison of ultrasound results with the results of other studies, such as clinical and analyzes on hormones.
Polycystic ovaries are clinically manifested in the form ofmenstrual disorders (most delays), excess body hair on the body, increasing the size of the ovaries and half of the patients - overweight. In the measurement of basal body temperature (in the rectum), it remains constant throughout the menstrual cycle, and does not increase in the second half, as happens normally. At most, these symptoms of polycystic ovarian expressly appear already in adolescence, after the onset of menstruation.
First of all, you need to pay attention to these symptoms:
- Sometimes women feel pain - as if the bottom of the stomach pulls;
- oily skin, acne, greasy hair - this girl can also be ignored;
- irregular menstruation, long delays -is the main symptom; often it does not come menstruation month, two, three, up to six months - in the period of ovarian function girl can not pay attention to such delays;
- suddenly, for no apparent reason, may increase the weight of 10-15 kg.
In the treatment of this disease is usedmedicines that reduce the level of male sex hormones (for polycystic their level increases several times) and regulating metabolism in brain structures. In the presence of excess weight is absolutely necessary it is to reduce body weight. An important step in the treatment of polycystic ovaries is to stimulate ovulation.
If the treatment is no improvement,resorting to surgery. At the moment it is produced in the form of laparoscopy. Unfortunately, surgery on the ovaries gives only temporary effect, which lasts about six months.
In recent years, a new groupdrugs - agonists gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Dekapeptil, Zoladex et al.). Their constant use for 2-3 months, followed by ovulation stimulation or without allowing in many cases to do without surgery.
The secondary polycystic ovaries is observed in more thanlater in life. Often the cause are chronic inflammatory diseases of female genital sphere. If the work of the ovaries completely broken, pregnant woman can not.
Some women and girls may appearuterine bleeding. With long-term course of the disease without treatment increases the risk of dangerous diseases such as endometrial cancer, uterine cancer and, according to some reports, breast cancer.