Mushroom season is over. Behind the most intense for the doctors, toxicologists
months when food mushroom poisoning lead in severity among all
poisoning. However, do not have to relax, mushrooms harvested for future use
no less dangerous. One death cup mushroom salad or bag of capable
carry a few lives. No cooking will fly agaric or false honey agarics
not capable of neutralizing the toxins accumulated in these fungi.
The most severe food poisoning mushrooms - this poisoning
pale toadstool, smelly, pantherina and red fly agaric, mushrooms and false
Satan's mushroom. Shiitake, volnushki, blewits without proper treatment
also cause acute gastroenteritis. Dried lines, morels contain substances
destroying red blood cells and cause symptoms similar to poisoning pale
toadstool. But the worst thing that food poisoning can cause even mushrooms
boletus and aspen, if they are assembled near the industrial enterprises,
railways, highways, if these fungi are old, or have been for a long time lain
insufficient culinary processing.
The first mushroom poisoning symptoms develop after 8-12
hours after their use and are virtually independent of the type of fungi - often
all are signs of acute gastroenteritis. Initially, there is spastic
pain around the abdomen, nausea, repeated vomiting, followed by loose stools,
weakness, pale skin and cool extremities.
The most serious is considered poisoning pale toadstool: enough
eat ¼ mushroom cap to fall prey to the deadly disease. If poisoning this
mushroom vomit resemble coffee grounds, suggesting gastric
bleeding in the feces also found an admixture of blood and stool frequency
20-25 times a day.
The reaction of the nervous system on various types of poisonous substances
not clear. Toxins toadstools cause anxiety, restlessness, and mushroom - hallucinations and motor stimulation.
As the progression of food poisoning mushroom
there are signs of oppression heart activity: weakens heartbeat
decreases blood pressure, there is dizziness, headache, skin and
mucous membranes turn blue, and the extremities become cold and damp.
Severe consequences of mushroom poisoning, especially pale
toadstool, associated with toxic effects on the liver and kidneys. Within 8 -
12:00 begin to break down the cell bodies in 2-3 days these changes
become irreversible, develop acute liver and kidney
failure. Fungal toxins affect all organs and systems, and if within
the first 2-3 days of no urgent action is taken, inevitably, death occurs. Especially hard
to cope with the effects of mushroom poisoning in children and elderly people
First of all, noticing the first signs of a food
mushroom poisoning, immediately call the brigade "first aid".
The following measures should be taken to the doctor soon:
Rinse the stomach: drink 5-6 glasses of water, and
then by pushing with your finger or spoon on the tongue, induce vomiting. procedure
repeat 3-5 times.
In the absence of diarrhea should be made easy
laxative, for example, 1 tbsp. l. or castor oil or vaseline 30 ml
33% solution of magnesium sulfate.
Go to bed, take cover and attach to the warmer
legs and arms.
Continuously drinking water, with severe weakness and
dizziness - strong black tea.
"Suspicious" food store up to a doctor visit
- It will help to identify the "culprit" of food
When food poisoning mushroom is strictly prohibited
to eat and to drink alcohol! Do not take painkillers and
antipyretic drugs, remedies for diarrhea and vomiting!
Remember that only timely medical assistance to help
cope with the consequences of food poisoning mushroom. Independently body
It will not be able to neutralize poisons and lost time could be fatal.