Ways of transmission of Ebola virus


Ways of transmission of Ebola virus
Ebola haemorrhagic fever is a viral
disease with severe course and higher mortality. It was first identified in two
Africa: Zaire and Sudan in 1976. At the same time it recognized the danger
infection due to the extremely high frequency of deaths. Depending on the
type virus Mortality reached 88%. The main method of combating the disease began
measures to prevent infection. To achieve successful results,
You need to know how the Ebola infection is transmitted.

The main focus of the Ebola virus found in nature.
Presumably his carriers are monkeys and bats.

The main source of infection is a sick man.
Several less infection may occur by contact with monkeys. because of
that the virus penetrates virtually all organs, the way it is transferred very

  • when the contact path the virus penetrates
    hairline cracks in the skin and mucous membranes;
  • when airborne droplets way possible contamination
    by inhalation of tiny particles of saliva or phlegm sneezes or coughs
  • by parenteral way infection occurs
    due to contact with virus-infected material directly into the blood
    (For example, when using poorly sterilized instruments that
    treated patient);
  • Scientists do not exclude sexual transmission
    (The virus for more than three months after the recovery is allocated to the sperm), and
    enteric oral.

The variety of ways to spread the Ebola virus, coupled with
high mortality from it and the absence of effective methods of treatment makes
this disease is one of the most dangerous in the world.

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