Intervertebral hernia and its treatment

Content

  • What is intervertebral hernia
  • Treatment of intervertebral hernia



  • What is intervertebral hernia

    Intervertebral hernia - a
    the displacement of the deformed intervertebral disc. The most common
    localization of a hernia - lumbar spine.

    most often
    This disease occurs between the ages of 20 to 50 years old and are one
    of the most common causes of temporary disability and often
    disability of the patient.

    Herniated disks are a serious complication of spinal osteochondrosis.

    Disease
    It arises from the rupture of the intervertebral disc. formed at
    This herniation, bulging backwards and to the side, pressing on a nerve root
    at the point of exit from the spinal canal and causes inflammation,
    accompanied by edema. This explains why the pain and loss
    Sensitivity does not appear immediately after the onset of the disease.

    Intervertebral hernia and its treatment
    strangulated
    nerve root in the brain sends pain impulses that
    perceived by the person as pain in that area, sensitivity
    which ensures that nerve. Also in this area is broken
    motor coordination and muscle strength.

    Main
    complaint is pain. Typically, pain occurs after moderate
    physical exertion, awkward position in the workplace or
    in bed tilt while turning in the direction, often
    combined with weight lifting. Then, during the day there is pain
    and weakness in the area of ​​innervation. When movements, coughing, sneezing or
    straining pain intensified and often become so strong that
    People need bedrest.

    When disc herniation
    in the lumbar pain are often lampasny character
    (Spread over the outer surface of the leg) may be permanent
    or transient.

    Besides pain may be defined violation
    sensitivity, such as hypoesthesia (reduced sensitivity)
    and anesthesia (lack of sensitivity), rarely - hypersensitivity
    (Sensitivity gain).

    observed autonomic
    disorders in the form of decrease in skin temperature, swelling slack
    (Pastosity) varies sweating, increased skin dryness.
    Sometimes the patient can not straighten his leg because of the pain. may include the
    neurotrophic disorders affected area as a slimming
    (Due to muscle atrophy).

    Diagnosis
    neurologist or neurosurgeon if the described symptoms. For his
    clarify the use of the following methods: computed tomography,
    spondylography, radiography.



    Treatment of intervertebral hernia

    Usually this
    the disease is 2-3 months in compliance with bed rest
    and the rest - the best preconditions for a speedy recovery with no complications.

    As well as in other diseases lumbar
    the spine, it is recommended to lie on his back with his or provisions
    on feet pillow, changing the position of the body and is located painless
    pose.

    To mitigate the severe pain can receive painkillers
    and anti-inflammatory drugs. After 3-4 weeks of pain,
    usually much weaker, but damage to the disc itself has
    not cured, so in order to avoid possible complications in the form of
    chronic lower back pain needs rest for another whole
    months. Surgery is indicated in the presence of pain, resistant to treatment, or
    when expressed motor disorders.

    Another method of treatment
    intervertebral hernia in the acute stage - spinal traction. it
    very old way, interest in which has recently
    increases again. Stretching creates a pressure drop
    in the intervertebral space, which leads to the return protruding
    part of the disc to its original place. It is necessary to find the correct
    the direction of impact and choose the appropriate effort to
    not damage the spine to a greater extent. when properly
    carrying pain treatments should decrease, not increase.

    After
    acute phase of the disease to strengthen the weakened muscles of the back
    and the return of normal mobility of the spine should start exercising
    physiotherapy. More rapid and complete recovery
    promotes massage.

    Sometimes decreased sensitivity in some
    places his feet and feeling of weakness it is observed after the disappearance
    pain. This is due to the fact that a damaged nerve root still
    He has not restored its function. Range of motion at the same time, as a rule,
    It remains normal.

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