What is an allergy?
Allergic reaction - this is innatefeature of the human body to perceive external stimuli too aggressively. At the same time as the reaction agents can act the most mundane things - animal dander, household dust, food or pollen. Most often, such a sensitive feature appears in people who have inherited a genetic tendency to develop allergies. In other words from the father or mother can be passed not any particular reaction to an allergen, but only a predisposition to it. In addition, this phenomenon has no age limits and can begin at any age.
The emergence of allergies in infants usuallyIt associated with food intolerance of certain foods. However, in each case, experts observe similar symptoms. Our website offers a list of them to familiarize young parents:
- atopic dermatitis;
- redness and peeling of the skin;
- constipation or diarrhea;
- asthma attacks;
- frequent vomiting;
- intestinal colic;
- education seborrhea crusts on the head;
- itching of the mouth.
Food allergies in infants
If you notice symptoms of a food allergyyour baby, you should see a specialist, so that it can confirm or deny your suspicions. In any case it is necessary to know that the manifestation of sensitive reactions in infants under the age of 5 months can be a consequence of too much early weaning. But if the symptoms appear at the year-old child, then it is a clear sign of the use of products from the "forbidden list". You can minimize the symptoms the disease, if not begin to hurry up with the introduction of diet grudnichka new dishes.
Thus, for a diet will be the best option: cottage cheese, a variety of cereals, one type of meat and two or three kinds of vegetables. Do not strive for diversity, on the contrary - offer one product and pay close attention to the reaction of the body of your crumbs. Most neutral porridge for children - oatmeal, buckwheat or rice. By the way, the most popular childhood cereal, semolina, actually contains very little nutrients and minerals.
From hypoallergenic vegetables can be identified: carrots, broccoli, zucchini and cauliflower. If you wish to lure fruit, then give preference to bananas, pears, and apples. But with respect to meat is best to start with the turkey or lean pork.
Remember that food allergy is notpursue your child all the time. However, the first solid foods require unique adjustments. In most cases, cow's milk is well absorbed in the body of the baby after one year of life, eggs are hypoallergenic 2 years and nuts and fish can be given after 3 years.
How to treat food allergy?
Of course, each case of foodAllergies - is an individual reaction to a fragile organism kid, so therapy can be administered solely by the attending physician. Do not self-treat the child, or to resort to the "tried and tested folk remedies". If you do not have a medical education, it is better not to expose the health dangers of crumbs. Remember that the wrong approach to therapy can only aggravate the situation and provoke a severe exacerbation.
The specialist will be able to determine and prescribe allergya course of treatment. The first place among the methods of diet therapy is always given to when the baby from the diet excludes dangerous products. Also, your doctor may prescribe antihistamines or reception prescribe symptomatic treatment.
Household and contact allergy
This type of allergic reaction occurs inbaby at the time of direct contact with an irritant, penetrating through the respiratory tract or the skin into the body. Parents often confuse the symptoms of contact allergy to other skin diseases as symptoms are very similar. Symptoms of household allergies are as follows:
- redness of the skin;
- itching of the skin;
- rash of red spots or dots;
- peeling of the dermis;
- ulcers and micro cracks;
- repeated sneezing.
In such components can act as a pathogen sensitive reactions:
- mold spores or yeasts;
- chemicals in household products;
- dust and dust mites;
- synthetic substance;
- low-quality dye garments;
- cosmetical tools;
- wool and epidermis particles animals.
In should be as preventive measuresrestrict access to the means of the child's household chemicals and cosmetics. It is also recommended to buy only proven hygiene products for baby, which reduced the content of chemical substances. And to strengthen the child's immune system is desirable several times a week to carry out bathing the baby in the bath with herbs: lavender, succession, etc.
In addition, it is necessary to carry out wet cleaningpremises at least 2 times a day to eliminate any potential dust storage. To do this, carefully clean the toys, surfaces, sofas and carpets. The bedroom where the child sleeps can not admit pets, and bed linen should be washed at least 1 time per week.