What is giardiasis

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  • giardiasis
  • What are the symptoms of giardiasis
  • How is the diagnosis and treatment of giardiasis



  • giardiasis

    Giardiasis (giardiasis) - a disease caused by single-celled parasite intestinal Giardia - Giardia (Lamblia) intestinalis, which is embedded in the intestinal tissue.

    giardiasis
    common among children as well as among certain categories
    adults, in particular in humans, often traveling to developing countries,
    as well as in patients with chronic pancreatitis, with low acidity
    gastric juice and in people with stomach removed.

    Infection
    Transmission occurs by cysts of the parasite from person to person. Straight
    transmission is direct contact with a sick person
    with a healthy (including sexual intercourse), indirect - through dirty food
    and water.



    What are the symptoms of giardiasis

    What is giardiasis
    In most cases
    the disease is asymptomatic. If it came to clinical
    manifestations, symptoms of enteritis appear: nausea, excessive salivation, loss of
    appetite, pain in the umbilical region, bloating. Stool 2-5 times
    a day, a rich, liquid, foam, green, with a pungent odor.

    In severe forms of the disease can interfere with the absorption of food, which is manifested weight loss.

    Giardiasis can cause biliary dyskinesia, neurasthenic syndrome.

    Disease
    becomes protracted, if one disregards the personal
    hygiene and swallows cysts pathogen isolated from the feces.
    In other cases there may be self-healing.



    How is the diagnosis and treatment of giardiasis

    basis
    diagnosis of pathogen detection in samples of intestinal juice
    (From the duodenum) and feces. As the disease can last
    a long time, and parasites are displayed without a certain periodicity,
    it may require repeated measurements.

    for the treatment of
    antiparasitic drugs used, restore the normal
    intestinal flora. Of great importance is nutrition during
    treatment.


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