What you need to know about giardiasis

Content

  • What is giardiasis
  • How does lyablioz
  • Treatment and complications of giardiasis
  • How is giardiasis prevention



  • What is giardiasis

    Giardiasis - a disease in children and adults, which affects
    alimentary canal, and parasitism caused by protozoa
    - Giardia. The development of this disease, as well as of helminthic infestations, depends
    from environmental health.

    Giardia found more Leeuwenhoek in 1681, and in 1859 their
    I found in the feces of intestinal disorders of a sick child scientist
    Giardia. His name and call these protozoa.

    For
    Giardia is characterized by two stages: the vegetative stage and cysts.
    The cysts in the feces are found in 20-25% of cases, and the children who
    attending kindergartens, - almost 100% of cases. Through drinking water,
    dirty hands, unwashed fruits and vegetables fall into the oral pathogens
    the cavity of the child, causing disease.

    Giardiasis occurs in
    all age groups but is most common in children 5-6 years. Giardia
    parasitize in the duodenum and upper small intestine.
    The gallbladder and bile duct conditions are not conducive to
    the existence of pathogens. Bile can become a breeding ground
    subject to reduction of its bactericidal properties, which is observed in
    dysmotility biliary tract.

    Exist
    diametrically opposite points of view on the role of protozoa in
    body of the child. First, giardia - harmless microorganisms
    intestine and do not require treatment; Two: it is - dangerous pathogens
    diseases; Third: they are conditionally pathogenic to man,
    It has become dangerous with a decrease in the body's resistance,
    diseases of the digestive tract, liver and gall bladder.
    Clinical observations show that in the course of Giardia
    livelihoods emit toxic substances that lead to
    development of chronic toxicity, as well as the mechanical irritation
    intestine.



    How does lyablioz

    What you need to know about giardiasis
    incubatory
    period lasts for an average of 15 days. Progression of the disease may be acute,
    subacute and chronic. Acute during reminds acute gastroenteritis
    (Inflammation of the stomach and small intestine). During his watery stools,
    foamy, yellow, sour odor, 5-8 times per day. at
    subacute and chronic manifestations of the disease development associated with
    dyskinesia (motility disorders) Biliary and observed
    more. A variety of symptoms that are found in patients who can be
    grouped into three major syndromes: pain, dyspepsia and
    intoxication. For pain syndrome characterized by abdominal pain without
    precise localization. Most of the children indicate parumbilical
    section, and on the right upper quadrant. The pain can be
    paroxysmal, aching. Dyspeptic syndrome characterized by: resistant
    nausea, loss of appetite or lack of it, and sometimes vomiting.
    Intoxication syndrome manifested by pallor of the skin, "bruises"
    under the eyes, dullness and yellowness around the mouth, persistent headache
    pain, fatigue, irritability, emotional
    lability, general weakness.

    With such a nonspecific
    symptom parents as well as doctors in the first place
    suspect worm infestation or disease of the biliary tract. AT
    most cases, during the examination of these patients show
    changes in the bile ducts and gall bladder. Set diagnosis "biliary dyskinesia" or "holetsistoholangit". Treatment
    appointed in accordance with the diagnosis, but only leads to a reduction in pain
    in a stomach. Dyspeptic symptoms and toxicity remain, and only
    drugs that kill giardia, normalize the patient's condition
    child.

    For diagnosis "giardiasis" Giardia cysts
    to be detected in the faeces or in portions of duodenal
    content and bile obtained from the duodenal intubation.



    Treatment and complications of giardiasis

    Doctor
    prescribe doses, because they depend on the age and weight
    child. Duration of treatment also choose a doctor because
    There are various treatment regimens. For example: taking drugs - 5 days
    Break - 5 days, a second course of treatment - 5 days. It is also necessary
    normalize motility of biliary tract, colon microflora
    intestine.

    Disease
    can cause such complications, the child's body weight reduction or
    a slowdown in its growth; reduction of total body resistance,
    the development of anemia of different degrees of severity, joining different
    infectious diseases. abscess (abscess) may occur very rarely
    liver or intestinal mucosa.



    How is giardiasis prevention

    The main
    focus should be prevention and personal hygiene compliance
    sanitary norms. Children under school age must be taught how
    personal hygiene: wash hands before eating, do not take your fingers, different in the mouth
    items, vegetables and fruits before eating to wash with hot water.
    You should always boil water for drinking.

    Adhering to these simple rules of hygiene can prevent giardiasis.

    Leave a reply