We know that children's bones, though thinner than theadults, but have greater elasticity and flexibility of this vital factor - shield against many fractures in children. However, we often hear about children's fractures of the radius, that they occur unexpectedly, in many situations, what's the deal? Maybe it's some particularly fragile bones or some other pathology?
First of all, you should pay attention toagile and active way of life, when the fall and injuries one after the other, when the domestic injury, active sports and traffic accidents cause a variety of open and closed fractures when falling on the arm or shoulder. Fracture of the radius is the most striking example of this way of life.
Symptoms of damage are shown as follows:
- violation of arm movement;
- significant pain at the bottom of the forearm;
- swelling and deformation of the radius;
- the presence of a bruise in the case of subcutaneous bleeding.
As with any fracture during the radial bone injuries can happen fragments displacement and damage to the skin. Depending on the data attributes can be broken:
- offset extensor when the child fell on a straightened arm;
- offset fragment - flexion, when the child fell on his bent arm.
Typically, such a peculiar injury to children 11-13years, especially boys, because of their sedentary life. It should be noted, the younger the child, the easier proceeds healing. Pain is not the strongest with a fracture. The main and urgent treatment - immediate reduction of fracture with a plaster bandage, splint is applied for children for 10-15 days, taking into account individual features of an injury. Later in the process of coalescence is necessary to carry out a control X-ray to rule out a possible displacement of the bone fragments. After applying plaster to be UHF course, magnetic therapy, exercises for fingers, and during rehabilitation - a course of massage to improve blood circulation, enhance metabolism and muscle recovery. If there were no fragments, healing takes place quickly and without any complications.
Clavicle - the tubular bone fracture which mayeasily occur at the drop of the shoulder, elbow or arm's length. How does such an injury? Identify it easy, child complains of pain in this area, which with the passage of time everything is amplified, there is restriction of movement of the arm, swelling, swelling, visual manifest shortening of the shoulder girdle from the damaged bone. Toddlers often confronted with incomplete fracture of the bone, the type is said to trauma "green branches", without violating the integrity of the periosteum when there is a fracture, and deformation and displacement of not, which is very typical for young children. At the turn of the clavicle it is very important to provide a hand rest, fix it at a right angle at the elbow, and hang on the headscarf. Kids need to recover 7-10 days, 2-3 weeks-teens.
Such injuries in children occur most frequently inaged 10-12 years, especially in boys as a result of injuries, falls, fights, martial sports, traffic accidents. At the time of the incident should apply ice to the nose, if there is blood at the child's nose fracture, use a swab with hydrogen peroxide and consult a doctor immediately. Trauma nose - it is always a swelling, so the start will be conservative treatment for 7-10 days, then, if we fail to put in place a flexible bone and restore the shape of the nose, will require surgery at the clinic of maxillofacial surgery.
Rehabilitation and reliable care with the exceptionmotor activity during healing and fusion under the control of parents ensure a speedy recovery. It is necessary to pay attention to the full and varied diet with foods that contain calcium, magnesium, boron, silicon, vitamins D and K. The daily intake of protein, the main building material needed portion of fruit and vegetables will ensure rapid fusion and strengthening bones.