Foot Health - one of the factors of physicalwell-being of the body. Deforming arthritis of the foot - a disease that does not lead to disability, but significantly darkens life. Already in the early stages of the disease there is increased fatigue of the foot, there are pains that as the disease progresses gaining momentum and become permanent. Deformation of the metatarsophalangeal joint of the big toe, and it is here that most often develop arthritis of the small joints of the foot, it makes renounce wearing dress shoes, and the lack of movement in the joint and cause sharp pain limp. To avoid the rapid development of events, you need competent treatment - osteoarthritis of the foot does not tolerate amateur in terms of therapy.
Treatment of osteoarthritis of the toes is done bythe general rules of treatment of degenerative diseases of the joints begins with the application of conservative methods of exposure to the disease process.
- Load limit on the joint.
- Drug therapy.
- Physiotherapy, massage.
- Intra-articular injection of medications.
Limiting the load on the joint meanswearing a soft, comfortable shoes. Shoes should not squeeze the foot in the area of the joint, the sole should perform the function of depreciation and evenly distribute the load between the heel and the plantar surface of the metatarsophalangeal joint of the first and fifth finger. Expressed deforming arthrosis of small joints of the foot requires the use of orthopedic insoles or special orthopedic shoes.
It is necessary to abandon the long hikes, eliminate standing work periodically to give the feet rest.
In reducing the load on the joints of the foot a big roleplayed by maintaining a normal body weight, therefore all patients with osteoarthritis of the joints of the foot and being overweight is assigned a reduced diet in combination with physical activity, excluding the exercise, drawing on his injured leg.
Physiotherapy and massage allowto suspend the development of osteoarthritis of the foot. Treatment dosage movement activates blood circulation in the joints, improves nutrition of cartilage and prevents the development of degeneration of cartilage.
Drug treatment of osteoarthritis involves the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, hormones and other drugs chondroprotectors improving trophism joint tissues.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents(NSAIDs) in the treatment of deforming arthrosis foot appointed in the acute stage, the presence of inflammatory phenomena joints. Such drugs like indomethacin, Ortophenum, ibuprofen help relieve pain and to stop the phenomenon of acute arthritis.
In marked inflammation of the joints and in the absencethe effect of NSAID use intra-articular administration of hormone steroids. Hydrocortisone, diprospan, kenalog have potent anti-inflammatory action. Within a few days after their application can proceed to the physiotherapist, massage and physiotherapy, are contraindicated during the acute effects of arthritis and osteoarthritis of the joints of the foot.
Osteoarthritis of the metatarsophalangeal joint of the big toe is an indication for the integrated use of physiotherapy techniques.
- Magnetic therapy.
- Laser therapy.
- Electrophoresis and phonophoresis with drugs.
- Ozokerite, paraffin.
- Baths with hydrogen sulfide, turpentine, radon.
These procedures allow to improve the nutrition of the joints, eliminate muscle spasms, reduce inflammation and relieve pain, but their use is limited to a period of remission.
Conservative measures are effective in osteoarthritisOnly in the early stages of disease development. Osteoarthritis of the foot in the third stage requires surgical intervention. Progression of the disease can not be stopped and the patient to get rid of constant debilitating pain, often used ankilozirovaniya joint, that is, its complete immobilization. An alternative to this method is a prosthetic joint surgery.