Osteoarthritis of the joints of the fingers - a chronicdegenerative disease interphalangeal joints, characterized by nodular, fusiform deformity, curvature of the fingers and hand function violation.
Osteoarthritis of the interphalangeal joints of the fingersIt is the primary osteoarthritis, developing on the background of genetically determined disorders in the synthesis of collagen. Injuries brushes are of secondary importance, as originally "weak" cartilage is not able to withstand even normal load. Osteoarthritis occurs with frequent exacerbations, show constant pain, stiffness of joints, their redness, swelling, and gradually leads to deformation of the fingers. How to treat osteoarthritis of the fingers?
Treatment of osteoarthritis deforming jointsthe brush is held in accordance with the general principles of disease therapy aimed at relief of inflammation, restoration of cartilage tissue of the joints and increase joint mobility.
- Drug treatment includes the administration of drugs with anti-inflammatory, analgesic, chondroprotective action.
- Physiotherapy helps with osteoarthritis of the fingers to cope with the pain, improves metabolic processes in the cartilage tissue.
- Therapeutic exercise is aimed at enhancing the metabolic processes in the joint and increase range of motion.
- Massage improves blood circulation and nutrition of cartilage, eliminate muscle spasms.
- Surgical treatment is only used for arthrosis thumbs and involves arthrodesis - immobilization of the joints to eliminate the pain.
- People's treatment of osteoarthritis of the joints of hands can reduce the dose of anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, improve metabolism in the joints.
Treatment of osteoarthritis of the interphalangeal joints of the handsIt depends on the stage of the disease. At an exacerbation of osteoarthritis and the appearance of signs of inflammation of the joints, it is aimed at reducing pain and inflammation relief.
It is recommended not to load the joints, do not perform work requiring small motion in interphalangeal joints, do not carry heavy loads.
The basis of drug therapy upnon-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which have the ability to reduce swelling, relieves pain in the joints caused by inflammation. "The gold standard" among NSAID diclofenac is considered to be manufactured by different companies, in different dosage forms: in the form of injectable solutions, tablets, candles and gel for external use. At an exacerbation of osteoarthritis interphalangeal joints of the hands of drug is given based both on the local as well as systemic effects.
Cropped symptoms of synovitis and periarthritis helps phonophoresis with hydrocortisone, is sometimes used intra-articular administration of hormonal preparations.
Treatment of osteoarthritis is the acute stageaimed at restoring cartilage and increase the functionality of the joints. For this purpose, preparations hondropotektory: hondroksid, chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine, and others. Treatment long hondroprotektorami effectively substantially only in the initial stages of osteoarthritis when there are no pronounced deformation of fingers and contractures.
Physical therapy procedures aimed atjoint activation of blood circulation and metabolism improvement in cartilage. A good effect is the use of wax, ozokerite in the form of the local baths and applications, magnetic therapy, laser therapy.
Massage with osteoarthritis of the small joints of the fingers mustshadyaschim be because excessive stress on the joints can cause injury to cartilage and accelerate the development of the disease. Mainly used stroking, rubbing and light effleurage on the brush.
Physiotherapy hand is simple and involvesshuffling of beads, play with small plush toys, rhythmic tapping his fingers on the table. Before training is recommended to warm up the joints with the help of baths for hands.
From folk remedies popular bath with aromatic oils, ointments on the basis of propolis, wax, flax seed, cinquefoil, birch leaves, fern.