- age 40-60 years (mostly women)
- genetic predisposition,
- gastrointestinal disease,
- oral mucosa injury
exact cause occurrence planus unknown. On the disease can affect the development of:
- nervous system disorders,
- impaired immunity,
- allergic reactions,
- the presence of chronic foci of infection in the body: tonsillitis, caries, sinusitis, etc.
Most often, a rash appears on the flexionthe surface of the forearms, inner thighs, the front surface of the tibia, as well as in the groin and armpits. This small nodules with a shiny surface, sharply demarcated from the surrounding skin. Color eruption deep-red, bluish and sometimes brownish. In the center there is a separate nodules pupkoobraznym impression. The nodules may coalesce to form plaques, which can be seen a kind of mesh pattern, is clearly noticeable after the lubrication oil.
Symptoms of lichen
- Severe itching.
- Damage to the oral mucosa orgenital organs is observed in almost half of patients. It can be single, or it can be combined with skin lesions. An isolated lesion of the oral mucosa is often associated with the presence of metal dental crowns, especially from different metals. On the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, whitish nodules are often grouped and are located linearly in the area of closure of the teeth.
- Nail damage is noted in 10-15% of patients and is characterized by thinning, brittleness, clouding of the nail plates, the formation of longitudinal grooves on their surface.
The first eruption held a few weeks or months, but relapses occur for many years.
Diagnosis and treatment of zoster
The diagnosis of lichen planus is set when viewed from a dermatologist. When eruptions on the mucous membranes of the mouth to the dermatologist, as a rule, the patient sends the dentist.
Due to the fact that the disease can lastover the years, often exacerbated and it is difficult to cure, you need constant monitoring dermatologist and a thorough examination of the patient to identify his internal organs lesions. Therefore, the dermatologist may prescribe additional tests with other specialists (gastroenterologist, endocrinologist, neurologist, dentist, etc.).
The disease is usually cured on their own, but in a few years it may be again.
If there is a suspicion that the disease is caused byany chemical or drug substance, its use should be discontinued. Careful examination of patients to identify their internal diseases. First of all it is necessary to investigate the gastrointestinal tract, glycemic control, nervous and mental state.
In the absence of symptoms of treatment is required. To reduce itching use antiallergic agents. Also, your doctor may prescribe vitamins, sedatives, physiotherapy. Patients with reduced immunity and complications can be treated with antibiotics.
Preventing exacerbations is the treatment of foci of chronic infection (sinusitis, tonsillitis, dental caries, etc..), The treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders, exhaustion of the nervous system, stress.