Each person has ever had a stomach ache. However, it is important to distinguish between when the pain is a result of the intestine giperperistaltiki, such as excessive gas, and when - a serious pathological symptom.
Types of abdominal pain
The two most common types of pain can be distinguished:
Spasmodic (convulsive) painSo called colic. Usually it appears wavy attacks, the intensity of which increases or decreases. The pain is caused by strains in the gut (tension or compression), and usually is the result of an overactive peristalsis. This causes excessive pain flatulence, infectious inflammation, or stress.
Constant abdominal pain. This type is characterized by abdominal painrelatively constant and utoychivym over. Patients often describe it as a 'burning in the stomach, "a sharp, cutting or" hungry "pain. This type of pain is the result of severe inflammation of the abdominal cavity, ulcers, attacks of gallstones, abscesses or acute pancreatitis.
Often the pain in the abdomen accompanied by other unpleasant symptoms.
This sweating, nausea, vomiting, rumbling (especiallywhen taking a horizontal position or a change in position). Simtomy are important factors that indicate violations of bowel function, gastric, biliary tract or inflammation of the pancreas. Chills and fever usually accompany the dangerous intestinal infection or blockage of bile ducts. Changes in the color of urine and feces is also a sign of the blockade of the biliary tract. At the same time the urine usually becomes dark in color, and calories lighter. Intense paroxysmal pain, accompanied by a black or bloody stools, indicating the presence of internal bleeding and requires immediate hospitalization.
The duration of pain
Usually pain that lasts from a few secondsup to the minute it is not a serious cause for concern. Pain lasting for hours if not days is a serious symptom and you should both undergo a medical examination as soon as possible.
When can appear abdominal pain?
Abdominal pain can occur spontaneously at any time. Let's look at some of the most frequent manifestations of the syndrome of abdominal pain.
Intense pain in the belly that makes youwake up at night. It may occur before or after meals. The pain can often be preceded by a bowel movement, or appears immediately after the act of defecation. "Cutting" pain characteristic intestinal ulcer appears immediately before the meal. The intense pain caused by gallstone disease, as well as the pain of pancreatitis, usually develops after a meal. The most common reasons that lead to abdominal pain, are irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and biliary dyskinesia. For patients with IBS is characterized by the appearance of pain immediately after a meal, accompanied by bloating, increased peristalsis, rumbling, diarrhea or stools deceleration. The pain subsides after bowel movements and the passage of gases and, as a rule, do not worry at night. Syndrome pain in IBS is not accompanied by weight loss, fever, anemia. Inflammatory bowel disease accompanied by diarrhea (diarrhea) may also cause pain and spasm usually before or after a bowel movement. Among patients with psychogenic disorders of the gastrointestinal tract abdominal pain as a leading symptom occurs in 30% of cases.
Where are you hurt?
Place the localization of pain is one of the maindisease diagnostic factors. Pain centered in the upper abdomen is usually caused by abnormalities in the esophagus, intestines, biliary tract, liver and pancreas. The pain associated with gallstones or inflammation of the liver, is localized in the upper right section of the peritoneum; (May radiate under the right shoulder blade). The pain of ulcers and pancreatitis usually radiates across the back. Pain caused by disorders in the small intestine usually centered around the navel, while pain caused by the large intestine peritoneum detected in the middle and below the navel. Pelvic pain is usually felt as a compression and discomfort in the rectal area. The syndrome of abdominal pain, pain is usually small intensity is concentrated in the upper middle of the abdominal cavity, or in the lower left her department. Pain syndrome is characterized by the variety of manifestations: from diffuse dull pains to sharp, spasmodic; from permanent to paroxysms of abdominal pain. The duration of pain episodes - from several minutes to several hours. In 70% of cases, the pain is accompanied by a violation intestinal motility (diarrhea or constipation).
The reasons causing pain
The most common cause is food,we eat. The irritation of the esophagus (pressing pain) is salty, too hot or cold food. Some of the products (fat, cholesterol-rich food) stimulate the formation or movement of gallstones, causing bouts of biliary colic. It is no secret that many people have intolerance to certain kinds of products, such as milk, milk sugar or lactose. Use them in a food leads to spastic abdominal pain, bloating and diarrhea.
In which case, you need to visit the doctor?
at least one from drop questions, you should contact a doctor If yes:
- Do you often experience abdominal pain?
- Does the pain experienced by your daily activity and execution of job duties?
- You observe weight loss or loss of appetite?
- Your pain is accompanied by vomiting or nausea?
- Do you see a change in bowel habits?
- Do you Prosypaetetes from intense abdominal pain?
- Have you suffered in the past from diseases such as ulcers, gallstone disease, inflammatory bowel disease, surgery?
- Do not have if you are taking medication side effects from the gastrointestinal tract (such as aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory)?
What can be done? Where to go for help?
I would like to remind you that the pain in the abdomen can not bewithdraw painkillers. Do not use a heating pad, if the cause of pain is unknown. In the first place in the event of pain in the abdominal area is necessary to apply at least to the general practitioner.
And remember - no independence!
When the pain in the abdomen, especially strongly expressed,not self-medicate, in any case do not take painkillers! Eliminate pain, reduce the temperature (and many painkillers are effective in reducing and temperature), you are difficult for these doctors to the diagnosis statement, and this can lead to serious complications. Remember that the abdominal pain in almost all cases quite serious phenomenon, which can not be indifferent, because it is located in the abdomen the most important human organs. The problems of the heart, digestive and endocrine systems, reproductive system can appear abdominal pain. Therefore, they can not be taken lightly.