Causes of BPH
- A sedentary lifestyle, for example, menengaged in mental work are most at risk of the disease BPH. In such cases, they just need to engage in active exercise.
- It is believed that prostatic adenomaIt is one of the manifestations of male menopause and develops a change in hormonal levels. Thus, the risk of prostate adenoma sick every middle-aged man.
What happens in the prostate for prostate adenoma?
The prostate gland (prostate) - a maleinternal organ in the normal size of a walnut. The prostate is located below the bladder and surrounds on all sides the urethra. With the development of adenoma in the prostate formed a small nodule (or nodules), which grows and gradually compresses the urethra. BPH
is a benign growth does not give metastases and grows in
adjacent organs that distinguishes it from prostate cancer.
By the manifestation of prostate adenoma associated with an enlarged prostate and a violation of the outflow of urine, are the following:
- Weak urine stream
- Intermittent urine at end of urination
- Increased urination time
- The need to strain your abdominal muscles for a complete emptying of the bladder
- Frequent urge to urinate
- The inability to hold urine for a long time when a Urge
- The need to urinate at night
Over time, if left untreated, these patients begin
kidney damage, kidney failure develops, which manifests
headache, thirst, dry mouth, weakness, irritability.
The bladder is always full of urine, the urine when urinating
It stands trickle or dropwise. Simultaneously
incontinence phenomena appear, i.e. urine is released dropwise
constantly and against the wishes of the patient, first night, and then round
Possible complications of prostate adenoma
- With the development of BPH after
urinary bladder can not be emptied completely.
Regular urinary retention, in turn, can contribute
occurrence of kidney stones, and urinary tract infection development.
- Prolonged urinary retention may cause the appearance of blood in the urine and renal impairment.
severe cases may develop acute urinary retention -
urethra clamped completely and do not miss
urine. This gives rise to severe pain in the abdomen, not urinating
perhaps. Complete urinary retention is possible at any stage
disease, even at the earliest. It can provoke
hypothermia, errors in diet or alcohol intake, prolonged
neoporozhnenie bladder. In this case, the required extra
Today there are many treatments for BPH. They are diverse and highly effective.
These methods can be divided into three groups:
When the first symptoms of BPH applies
in the form of medication drugs. today
day at the pharmacy there is a very large variety of drugs,
for the treatment of BPH, and the list keeps growing. All drugs can be divided into two types:
The formulations of the first type relax muscle fibers arranged in a
the prostate. Because of this pressure on the urethra weakens
and urine flow through the urethra easier.
second type drugs reduce prostate volume, that
also eases the pressure on the channel. It should be remembered that taking
any drugs should only after consulting
In severe cases, a medical treatment can be
not enough in this case, the doctors usually resorted to
surgery. Thus there are two types of operations:
open access through the wall of the bladder, and operation - without
incision, through the urethra - using modern
video endoscope equipment: TOUR BPH. Open surgery applied in advanced cases, they are more traumatic, but provide a complete cure of the disease.
Prevention of prostate adenoma
Unfortunately, a truly effective methods of prevention of prostate adenoma
does not exist. Older men need to eat right (most importantly
- Eliminate spicy seasonings, spices, canned and smoked)
give up bad habits (especially from the use of alcohol
drinks), try to keep the water-drinking regime (excess
fluid flow in the body is not recommended).
In conclusion I would like to note that such a disease like prostate adenoma
at early stages of development may not always be accompanied by
the above symptoms. Sometimes this disease is
bezsimptomno. Therefore, older men should be periodically
undergo examination by a doctor - urologist, so as not to miss the start of
prevent disease and to develop prostate cancer.