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What causes tonsillitis?

In the occurrence of tonsillitis tend to blame changes in reactivity, to which the following factors may cause:

  • intoxication,
  • hypothermia,
  • poor working and living conditions,
  • poor nutrition.

Varieties of tonsillitis:

  • Acute tonsillitis (angina). Maybe both primary (eg, catarrhal, lacunar, follicular, etc.), and the secondary, that is caused by other diseases (for example, diphtheria, scarlet fever, infectious mononucleosis, and others.)
  • Chronic tonsillitis may be nonspecific or specific (for tuberculosis, syphilis, scleroma).

catarrhal angina

Tonsillitis Catarrhal angina occurs mainly superficial lesions of the tonsils. Incubation period may vary greatly, from a few hours up to 4 days.

The symptoms of bluetongue angina:

  • For bluetongue angina is characterized by a sharp, abrupt onset.
  • There is a sore and dry throat.
  • General malaise, headache, pain in joints and muscles.
  • Temperature increase.


tonsillitis

Follicular angina is characterized by lesions of the follicular unit tonsils.

Symptoms:

  • The sudden increase in body temperature to 40 degrees.
  • Severe pain in the throat.
  • Sudden weakness.
  • Headache.
  • Pain in the heart, joints and muscles.


lacunar tonsillitis

Lacunar tonsillitis is characterized by lesions of the tonsils in the gaps with the spread of purulent plaque on the free surface of the tonsils.

Symptoms:

  • The sharp rise in body temperature to 39-40 degrees.
  • A sore throat.
  • Pain in the heart and joints.
  • Headache.
  • Increased salivation.
  • Children often vomit.


Chronic tonsillitis

Chronic tonsillitis - an infectious-allergicdisease in the form of persistent tonsil inflammation, characterized by a chronic course. Often it occurs as a complication of various diseases (tonsillitis, scarlet fever, measles), or as a manifestation of allergy.

Symptoms of chronic tonsillitis:

  • Redness and thickening of the edges of the palatine arches.
  • Scar adhesions between the tonsil and palatine arches.
  • Loosening or sealed tonsils.
  • Increased neck glands.


Diagnosis of tonsillitis

Usually the doctor can diagnose when viewed on the basis of the above symptoms. However, in some cases of doubt, more research is needed:

  • Learning content swabs from the throat.
  • Blood test.
  • Immunogram.


tonsillitis Treatment

In the first place it is necessary to ensure the correct mode of the day, a balanced diet with plenty of vitamins (especially vitamin C and B). The patient must be a lot of drinking.

In less severe treatment is done at home, in severe forms requiring hospitalization in infectious disease clinic.

The doctor prescribe medications, includingwhich may be ascorbic acid, antihistamines. Also, it is possible that antibiotics will be assigned. Sometimes you need the appointment of anti-inflammatory drugs.

In addition to general resources also need the localtreatment - inhalations and aerosols, ultraviolet irradiation, microwave, etc. Regularly gargle with a decoction of herbs, soda solutions furatsillina and the like. (8-10 times a day).

In chronic tonsillitis often effect a surgical procedure provides:

  • Palliative (lakunotomiya, scraping gaps, laser treatment).
  • Tonzillotomiya - partial removal of the tonsils.
  • Tonsillectomy - complete removal of the tonsils.

Surgery is performed when other treatments are ineffective.

Tonsillitis Since tonsillitis shows a declineown body's defenses, treatment should be aimed not only at eliminating the inflammatory process, but also to increase immunity. This gives not only the therapeutic effect, but also conducive to the prevention of relapse. With this purpose immunocorrectors. These drugs enhance the work of self-protection system, and can reduce treatment time.

It is believed that the use ofimmunomodulators especially important in children for the reason that the environment of the child becoming sterile due to the widespread use of antibiotics, of hygienic measures and other conditions.

Local immunocorrectors include drugIRS19 that contains antigens the most common pathogens of respiratory infections (19 strains). IRS19 can very quickly and intensively penetrate through the mucous membrane in the body, thereby causing an immediate mobilization of protective mechanisms in the throat mucosa.


Preventing tonsillitis

  • Obschegigienicheskih event.
  • Hardening of the organism.
  • Balanced diet.
  • Compliance with the rules of hygiene.
  • Removing dust, gas content.
  • Early detection and treatment of gum disease and tooth, sinusitis, otitis.
  • Laser therapy.
  • The use of immunomodulators.



Complications of tonsillitis

Often severe angina become chronicform (chronic tonsillitis). After the angina caused by some microorganisms can develop diseases such as rheumatic fever, glomerulonephritis, myocarditis.

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