What is glaucoma
The term "glaucoma" brings together a large group ofdiseases, each of which has its own characteristics. Combining these diseases into one group due to a common symptom for all of them, which includes the following pathological symptoms: impaired eye hydrodynamics instability of intraocular pressure (IOP), increased intraocular pressure, optic nerve atrophy and deterioration of visual function.
Those. It is a chronic, progressive disease of the eye characterized by constant or periodic increase in IOP, a particular form of atrophy of the optic nerve and the characteristic changes in the visual field.
You should also know that there is a low-angle glaucoma (pseudonormal) pressure.
Why and with whom there is glaucoma
Primary glaucoma are sick, mostly people of mature age, from 40 years and older.
Currently, glaucoma is one ofthe main causes of irreversible blindness in our country. Causes are different (and not completely clear): genetic predisposition, anatomical features of the eye, involutional changes in the drainage system of the eye, inflammatory eye disease, eye trauma, long-term use of drugs (corticosteroids), diabetes mellitus, metabolic disturbances in the body and so on. d.
How does the vision in glaucoma
In early disease patients do not say nosubjective visual impairment. And only 15% of the mark periodic blurred vision and rainbow-colored circles when looking at the light, and very rarely in the eye pain in the superciliary arcs. Most often, people can not feel the increase in intraocular pressure. The disease is detected by chance during routine inspection ophthalmologist or when there come visual disturbances (changes in the field of view (defects, narrowing), reduced visual acuity), usually in an advanced stage of the disease.
Glaucoma can occur in the form of an acute attack, which is accompanied by severe headache, eye pain, nausea, general weakness, vision is sharply reduced, a pupil, red eyes.
In these cases, you need to seek medical attention immediately! If the attack is not liquidated within days, will require urgent surgical intervention. Glaucoma is a progressive disease quickly and without timely detection and treatment of diseases irreversible blindness.
What to do if you have marked visual impairment
In all cases, vision loss, you should consult your ophthalmologist.
Deteriorating eyesight can be a symptom of manydiseases and only a specialist can determine the cause and prescribe rational treatment in your particular case. You should know that in 40-60% of cases of glaucoma may be asymptomatic, so the purpose of early detection of diseases of all persons older than 40 years, and the relatives of patients glaukomoy- older than 35 years must be at least 1 time per year examined by an ophthalmologist.
What to do if you have found glaucoma
- strictly follow the doctor's appointment, to visit him at least once every three months (more often);
- contraindicated reception of atropine, belladonna preparations;
- contraindicated in severe physical work, work related to the tilt of the head and trunk;
- in the summer to avoid direct sun exposure, it is inadmissible to bathe in a bath, wash your hair much hot water;
- contraindicated alcohol, smoking, strong tea, coffee;
- undesirable wearing sunglasses;
- diet: lacto-vegetarian, it is desirable to avoid meats, grilled meats, excess salt, fluid;
- TV watching with complementary lighting, no more than 2 hours.
How to treat glaucoma
There are two main methods of treatment of glaucoma: medical and surgical (including laser treatment). Each of these methods has its advantages and limitations. Most often begin with the selection of rational drug treatment, the ineffectiveness of drugs, surgical treatment is carried out. The decision to choose one or another method accepted the doctor for each patient individually.
Vision may deteriorate at different rates, but in most cases without treatment, the disease quickly leads to irreversible blindness.
How long is necessary to treat glaucoma
Since glaucoma is a chronicprogressive disease that leads to irreversible blindness, treatment is carried out continuously (for life). Breaks in the treatment lead to further disease progression.
We must remember that timely treatment and compliance with the doctor's recommendations would preserve vision for many years.