To salt or not to salt - that is the question
So salt. - Friend or Foe? Interesting question, is not it? It would seem that now begin a long and unnecessary talk, but knowing people immediately recognize what this is about. In this article you will find an interesting parental experience and a small medical commentary.
And we'll discuss the features of the power of people with phenylketonuria, especially children, as adults with PKU are already aware of these features and their own changing your diet.
Many families noticed that the usual dietPeople with PKU are relatively poor in salt. What usually eat our loved ones? Starch (pasta, cakes, etc.), Soups, sweets, cereal, bread, a variety of dishes from vegetables and fruits, etc. It would seem that we are doing everything, making a delicious and varied diet. But everything changes when children "discover" for themselves ... salt.
Here are a few stories. Tells Mom girl four years. "We were sitting at the same table, marking the arrival of relatives. Baby has eaten all the put portion of porridge, got for dessert cookies and now happily busied herself with other children, slowly settling in among new people. Brother sat her down on his knees and proposed to try cucumbers imported from mother cask salting. What happened! My daughter literally grabbed the cucumber! She demanded again and again, she refused to offer sweets and candies, she needed only a cucumber! She was a real hysteria! She had to give way, but that day we have overeaten protein.
This incident taught me a lot. I thought - if the body requires, then he really needs. The man himself is not the enemy. Indeed, as the daughter could get enough salt? No pickles did not have in their diet. We ate cereal, cakes, soups, pasta, fruit and vegetable purees. Has anyone tried a vegetable puree cans bought in the store, he knows what it is tasteless, because practically devoid of salt. But I thought - but what about the other kids? For some reason they did not catch on pickles? And then I remembered seen on the playground scenes: children, munching potato chips, salted nuts, crackers, sandwiches with sausage, cheese. But at home they are likely to eat lard, herring, eggs and so on. All clear.
I was upset, but decided to act. It has become a strong add some salt soups, vegetable purees, fresh salads. Several times a week certainly gave pickles (she did not like tomatoes), and always attentive to her request to give something solёnenkoe. We even began to pickle cucumbers specially for my daughter, a special recipe, which is less spice, because we had a case where a very sharp after eating cucumbers, she ached (her weak throat). Now I am an experienced mother (laughs), we have everything in order, and pickles on a festive table refers daughter absolutely calm. "
In this case, the mother intuitively made the rightdecision, and everything returned to normal. However, not all mothers so wise. Noting children addicted to sauerkraut, a cabbage, tomato or cucumber pickle, they prevent the natural desires of the child, for fear of harm. Listen.
"Once I was in the kitchen preparing dinner, the child was withme, and I was on the phone. When finished talking, I turned back to the table and froze in amazement: the son dipped his hand into the salt, slowly Keep your fingers to his mouth, licking them carefully, then lowered his hand again, and everything repeated again. I was scared - my mother's pressure, it can not be salt, and I thought - and suddenly a child becomes ill? Tried quickly to distract him, and then began to salt constantly hide. Then I learned that it was wrong.
On the advice of other mums, I began to add salt todiet son. Now we regularly eat pickles, add some salt all food, like pickled tomatoes, especially potatoes and rassolnik and halophytes - our favorite soups! "
A wonderful story that has ended wellthanks mum care. And yet, why our children are so drawn to the salty? I do with them that something is wrong? The answer is simple: do not! Everything is alright with them! They just did a little lacking this substance in the diet.
The average person gets salt in the modern worldwith food in too large quantities (with smoked products, sausage, fish, meat, eggs, cheese, pâté, etc.), quickly gets used to it and always strives to pamper yourself these goodies again and again. And what about the people who adhere to a special diet and limit in food animal products that just contain salt more than others.
Salt and phenylketonuria
But, firstly, in the diet in PKU not at all dangeroussalt shortage. Secondly, people with healthy adrenal glands, including people with PKU salt save mechanism works flawlessly. Organism always saves and stores the salt in an amount which ensures its survival and proper operation. For any diet healthy body retains salt and stores it, so all the fears that the diet for PKU can be dangerous because of the lack of content of the substance, are absolutely groundless.
But why some children are so"Pounce" on the pickles when they see them? The fact that a restriction of salt in the diet does not go to the body "unnoticed", the tension in the mechanisms responsible for the conservation of salt increases, people like tunes in salt searching, preparing to "fight for it" to be satisfied with it at the first case. This comes at a time when the child is "open" for themselves salt. Feeling the salty taste, the body understands - that's what I need, and useless to argue with him.
And what happens if mom still duefear of harm to hide the baby from the salt shaker? In most cases - nothing. All will be well, the baby will develop normally as before, and feel good about themselves, because the body will still be necessary for him to receive "Salt" at least.
But in some cases, and some children maycertain symptoms occur. The child becomes lethargic, his appetite worsens, he starts to drink less, because of what could be in trouble with a chair, there is dryness of the skin, etc. All this usually goes alone, if the baby will soon receive food a little more salt than usual. And so it happens. And if not - the body's compensatory potential so great that serious consequences are almost never occur. There remain problems with appetite, stool, skin that is usually solved sooner or later. Once the child will tell you how to solve these problems, when it begins to ask for salt.
But while the answer to the question why the child is notthirsty, and, most importantly, how to handle it? Nature has created us in such a way that in all body fluids must be strictly defined by the concentration of salt. If little salt, the body is protected from water, the salt concentration is decreased below the permissible value. Therefore, the child lost the feeling of thirst, and he does not want to drink. Forcing him to drink water is useless! The body will defend itself at all costs, even vomit! It can only help the salt. If the body receives salt, he "wants" to dilute it, the baby will be thirsty, and he starts drinking. It's simple. As we have said, the children usually decide these problems, the main thing - they do not interfere.
Here you need to make a small, but very importantretreat. If you are not sick, you probably know the stories of other people, how bad a person feels after a serious illness or a complicated surgical operation. He does not want and can not eat and drink. One reason - a sharp loss of salt from heavy sweating, and in some cases - vomiting or diarrhea. In the complex therapeutic measures always administered saline solutions, for example, Regidron. The only way a person restores the physiological craving and healthy appetite. There are cases of death, when in such cases they were forced to drink only clean water, without giving (by mistake, of course) saline. Fortunately, now these cases are rare.
This example shows how threateningorganism can be a salt deficiency. However, recall that such cases - extremes that are never found in healthy people, no matter what diet they get. For greater certainty, let us remember at least herbivores - they do not add some salt foods, but there safely.
Listen to your child
A few words in defense of the salt. To better understand our children, so zealously defending their "right to salt" let us remember ourselves in moments of fatigue when the feeling unimportant and all the time you want something to eat, but did not understand what exactly you want? We go to the fridge and choose, as a rule, a piece of smoked meat, sausages, herring or something else like that - tasty and salty. Imagine that at this moment there is someone kind and caring, appropriate and robs us of our "treat". Well?
Preferring salty, we intuitively do as advised by our ancestors, who in the old days were treated with fatigue (mental and physical) with a strong cucumber brine.
Unconvincing? Then listen to Avicenna, the famous Arab physician and philosopher, who lived more than 2,000 years ago: "If no appetite because of weakness, such as in recovering ... the patient in this case it is recommended to eat unripe pickled olives or a little salt fish ... a good tool to excite the appetite is salt ... ".
So, let us be friends with salt. Let's allow our loved ones to decide for themselves how much salt they need. Let us not fear for the kids. Nature takes care of their health. And our task - a little help her in this!
Note: Everything said in the article applies only to children older than 2 years. Never add salt to food of small, especially newborn babies! Medical mixture and breastmilk substitutes are always fully balanced yonnomu composition, and the addition salts can only harm, causing serious disorders of water-salt metabolism.
In children older than 2 years, the symptoms described in this articlemalaise because salt deficiency usually disappear within 1-2 days after the addition of salt in the diet. If it does not, then sickness is due to other reasons, therefore, without delay, consult your doctor.