Under beautiful at first glance, the name of a stranger
infectious disease - Lyme disease - are hiding not very "nice" reasons
of the disease. This is a clamp - small parasites that
transmit the disease through bites. Bacteria called Borrelia which
carry insects, widespread among wild and domestic animals:
deer, rodents, birds, dogs, cattle. For the first time the disease is detected in the state
Connecticut in Lyme, 39 years ago. Currently the disease is widely
It spreads in America, Europe, Russia.
Man Lyme disease is transmitted by the bitemite - with saliva. On the site of the bite formed by inflammation in the form of red spots - annular erythema. Gradually, it is increased in size: Centre
erythema becomes pale pink, and the edges - bright red, slightly raised,
making it similar to a closed-ring roller. Dimensions inflammation may
reach six centimeters in diameter.
Blood and lymph spread by bacteria Borrelia
throughout the body, they penetrate into all human organs, gradually
reaching the meninges. When the bacteria die, they release an endotoxin,
which causes disruptions in the immune system. The bacteria can for
ten years, remain in the lymphatic system. Why is this happening - in the modern
Medicine is not the answer. Interestingly another point: the toxin, which allocates
bacterium Borrelia inhibits the protective reaction of the organism, and the immune response to
infection formed slower than usual - late. This leads to
that Lyme - Lyme disease - a chronic and more difficult to
treatment. Immunity after myocardial disease is formed poorly, and
the likelihood of secondary infection is very high, even after five to seven
years after recovery.
Lyme disease and the main symptoms
The disease begins with a specific skin
rash at the site of the bite, called erythema migrans. They arise
70% of patients, though there bezeritemnaya form. External signs
Lyme disease occur in each patient differently: can cause erythema
itching, burning and pain. Localized erythema often on the legs - where the mite easier
get on human skin. At the initial stage can be diagnosed
fever, fatigue, headache, muscle stiffness of the neck. Sometimes
there is nausea, vomiting, runny nose, feeling sore throat, dry cough,
hives, conjunctivitis. If a person has a genetic predisposition to
disease, it may start the inflammation of the joints, eyes, and nervous heart
The initial stage can last from three to thirty
days, but if timely proper treatment, the likelihood of recovery
very high. If the moment is missed, the disease becomes chronic.
There are two forms of the disease:
Latent form can be diagnosed only passing
a blood test, because the disease is asymptomatic.
In the later stages of Lyme disease is characterized
symptoms associated with brain injuries: severe throbbing headaches,
nausea, recurrent vomiting, photophobia, aching muscles and joints, sometimes
convulsions. It was also observed an increase in liver pain, vomiting after administration
food, pain in the right upper quadrant. The disease can cause bilateral
facial paralysis. Possible meningitis, myelitis, chorea and encephalitis that
may cause memory disorders, sleep. Man is very difficult
focus, pronounced emotional lability. Can
start sciatica different directions, neuritis of the cranial nerves. About
two months later developed cardiac pathology of cardiac tissue in the form of myocarditis and pericarditis. Later on the skin rash and benign
Lyme disease can cause a variety of symptoms - in
Depending on which organs are affected. The sequence of the infection difficult
assume and everything is very individual.
Lyme treatment and prevention
If the disease is detected in time, it can be
cured with antibiotics. Improper treatment aggravate the situation by transferring
disease into a chronic form with the possibility of recurrence. In this case, treatment
Lyme disease becomes ineffective, resulting in patient disability and
severe cases - death.
At any stage of the antibiotics do not stop,
passing prolechivaya other organs and body systems. strategies for prevention
the disease does not exist, except for correct behavior in season activity of ticks.