Why is it important to identify the time testicular tumor
Finding common warts on the penis,man goes to the doctor immediately. However, a painless swelling in the testicles can grow to an impressive size, but is unlikely to cause the same concerns.
Almost all of these tumors are harmless, but still approximately 6000 Americans each year develop testicular cancer - the most common malignancy in men 15 to 34 years.
If you do find yourself something like,consider yourself lucky, because almost 100% of detected at an early stage testicular cancer successfully cured. Late detection the prognosis is usually not so favorable.
So, what to look out for, spendingTesticular self-examination? Firstly, testes should be approximately equal. If one of them is abnormally low, it is likely atrophied after a long infection.
One testicle always hangs lower than the other. Otherwise, you could not put your feet together. Inspect themselves every month, but only in a warm place - the cold scrotum severely cringe. Ideal to carry out inspection, taking a bath or shower. Roll the balls between the thumb and other fingers. They must be felt as a hard-boiled egg (without the shell, of course) about 3.5-4 cm in diameter; size should not vary by more than 5-6 mm.
If you notice unusual swelling, bumpor other abnormality, perform a simple diagnostic test. Go into a dark room. Turn on the flashlight and place it behind the scrotum. If light enough to easily pass through it, the education likely filled with liquid - a symptom typical of harmless hydrocele or cyst of the spermatic cord. But such a test in any case can not be a reason not to visit. If you feel the testicles gently, they do not have to be sick, so obvious pain during the inspection should be seen as a rejection, although this is not typical of malignant tumors.
Very few are tumors of the testesmalignant, but doctors examine and treat any of them as cancerous, until we get evidence to the contrary. Fortunately, an experienced urologist or surgeon can confidently diagnose most benign when viewed directly in his office. In doubtful cases, the doctor will open the scrotum for a more detailed examination of the testicles. Then, if still unsure, the doctor may remove suspicious testicle and vas deferens. In cases of suspected testicular cancer, doctors do a biopsy, because the chances of the spread of malignant cells are very large.
Although some patients complain of pain anda feeling of heaviness in the scrotum, almost all cases of testicular cancer starts as a painless education. The man conducting self-examination, unlikely to feel other symptoms (back pain, cough, weight loss), because they usually indicate nothing of the appearance of metastases.
So, the doctor must apply in the case of:
- If you have found an increase in one of the testicles;
- Study painful;
- if you palpable tubercle, which is not detectable before;
- if you have a sense of "gravity" in the scrotum;
- when a constant pain in the abdomen, in the groin;
- of blood in the urine;
- with an increase in breast.
Testicular tumors can be benign ormalignant. Remember that the diagnosis of "testicular cancer" is only entitled to the oncologist. Routine monthly self-examination and immediate access to a doctor in the event of one of these features can prevent the development of cancer, and in the case of early detection - to achieve a complete cure.