Asthma refers to a chronic
lung disease, the disease is an inflammatory character, manifested as seizures
choking, shortness of breath and cough. Violation of normal breathing in asthma is due to
airway constriction due to swelling and large amounts of bronchial
mucus produced in response to stimulation. Often, asthma in children, but with age it can "grow": about half
children with the right treatment recover.
Accepted provide the following types of asthma:
asthma. This type appears in children and young people aged up to 20 years. Disease
inhaled irritants cause non-infectious human nature (disputes
molds, dust mites, animal fur and food components - preservatives
beer and wine). She is often accompanied by rhinitis and dermatitis.
background of chronic airway inflammation develops
infectious and allergic asthma. This type is typical for people over 35 years.
Alien bacteria (if not finished the cure bronchitis, tonsillitis, and sinusitis) violate
bronchi immune system, leading to an asthmatic attack.
- The result
use of certain medications can become drug
(Aspirin) form of asthma. This kind of disease is a result of
are hypersensitive to aspirin or other anti-inflammatory drugs.
physical effort. There is a few minutes after physical
load associated with the inhalation of cold air.
Asthma can develop in humans
any age and to achieve any degree of severity. It has paroxysmal
character, so it is bright signs are asthma attacks. But there are
cases where such attacks are not observed, and there is a constant dry cough.
This property atypical of asthma, which can easily be confused with bronchitis, it is important to
good deal with bronchial asthma symptoms and get tested.
Symptoms of asthma, asphyxia addition are:
shortness of breath and wheezing, frequent cough, which may be affected
at night, shortness of breath with difficulty. Acute respiratory infections and
exacerbation of chronic bronchopulmonary pathologies contribute to more frequent attacks
Help with asthma attack
Bronchial asthma, which is a chronic
inflammation, can not be cured completely, but it can be well-controlled.
People with asthma, with the exact fulfillment of medical prescriptions can lead
normal and active lifestyle, travel and sports.
For successful treatment of asthma, avoid
contact with an irritant that causes an attack, and regularly visit an allergist.
To track the disease monitor the performance of maximum speed
expiratory ( "peak flow"). The medication is used fast
drugs aimed at emergency care at an attack, and prevention.
In the case of asthma attack need
stop contact with the irritant, take a bronchodilator in
prescribed by the doctor dose, and remain at rest for an hour to normalize breathing.
First aid in case of attack:
access to fresh air;
smell the ammonia;
bend his arms and legs in the elbow and knee joints to relax the muscles;
massage of the upper body to the back of the head and chest.
In assisting adults can use
Fast inhalers ( 'Salbutamol', 'Berotek "et al.), and in case
asthma attack in a child is better to use drugs such as "Eufillin", "Solutan"
or drip in a nose solution "Ephedrine".
You must remain calm, not to
provoke additional stress in the patient.