The abdominal wall of each person from the moment of birth there
"Weak" or "defective" places - the inguinal canal, the navel, the aponeurosis
linea alba. It is through them at certain coincidence
circumstances under the skin may protrude internal organs, ie,
Problematic places in the abdominal wall are in
all, but this is not enough for the emergence of a hernia. main reason
disease - weakness of connective tissue. It is innate
(A serious hereditary disease) or acquired as a result of
excessive exercise, pregnancy and childbirth - is also
It causes a weakening of connective tissue.
The more dangerous hernia?
that in itself hernia - "innocent" disease, but one day she can
give complications. Complications quite serious. In the absence of a proper
hernia is likely that their outcome would be extremely
The most dangerous complication - strangulated hernia: compression of organs,
located in the hernial sac, in the hernial ring. development
infringement of hernia is usually preceded by excessive physical
load, coughing, intense exercise. This hernia
reduce a stop, there are different intensity pain
field herniation, and then around the abdomen. pinching
hernia can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
If during the
1-2 hours, the patient does not have health care, his condition will start
deteriorate rapidly. In the wall of disadvantaged bodies violated
blood flow, which may lead to tissue necrosis, fracture walls
hollow organ, peritonitis and even death.
situation in order to save life of the patient needs emergency surgery,
which largely depends on the result of diagnosis and timeliness
treatment. Surgery was performed under general anesthesia.
Treatment: Yesterday and Today
Unfortunately, neither by itself, nor under the influence of gymnastics, medicines and bandages hernia will not go away.
hernia conservative therapy leads to its increase. The patient misses
While hernia surgery is the most effective
and the likelihood of relapse - the minimum.
bandages is only of historical interest, and currently
not used. Wearing braces, of course, prevents the stepping
internal organs in an inguinal hernia through hernial hernia in
bag, but it does not eliminate it, and does not prevent complications (infringement,
irreducible hernia, acute intestinal obstruction). Moreover, wearing
band often complicates the subsequent surgery.
exclusion conservative therapy is considered acceptable only in the elderly
patients with giant hernias. She is appointed because the risk
surgery and anesthesia above the potential benefits for
patient. In such cases, patients are appointed for life wearing
To date, the only treatment for a hernia, which gives good results is surgery (surgery).
Surgical treatment of hernia - "stretch". Their essence: closing
hernial ring by the patient's own tissue layer by layer
crosslinking contraction. In this case the surgeon tries to remove hernia
defect due to the very weak tissue, due to which and
He formed a hernia. Paradox? In general, yes. The frequency of hernia recurrence after
these operations reaches 14%. Also, such operations disabilities
They are severe pain in the first days after surgery
(Due to the tension of the tissues) and long-term physical
rehabilitation, which can reach more than 3-4 months. For these
reasons this method hernia plastics are now almost
In recent years, due to the widespread introduction of
surgery of new technologies and application of modern plastic and
sutures significantly improved quality of the
hernia repair, reduced the number of relapses and postoperative
To date, the "gold standard" in the treatment of inguinal hernias is nenatyazhnaya technique Lichtenstein. It can be applied in any inguinal hernias, regardless of size, shape, and age and sex of the patient.
this operation is that the weakened tissue in hernia
special reinforced mesh implant, which takes care of all
load. Net implant is made of a special polymer fiber,
which is biologically inert and completely harmless to the body. Fabrics
during such operations do not shrink (eliminating pain
after surgery), and reliably reinforced mesh prosthesis, allowing
the patient to recover quickly and return to normal life
Through techniques Lichtenstein hernia
a defect in the tissue closes forever. The number of relapses after
such operation is less than 1%. Patients after "nenatyazhnoy" hernioplasty
They may be sent home the next day after surgery
intervention. They require virtually no reception anesthetizing
preparations and quickly go to work.
Hernias are not
reduced or cured with the use of conservative therapy.
Therefore, the earlier you contact your surgeon, the higher the chance that
hernia deliverance will be successful and less traumatic. With timely
treatment of hernia treatment is carried out in the hospital one day,
using modern techniques using mesh implants that
almost 100% guarantee the absence of recurrence of the disease.