Familiar Stranger - cerebral aneurysms

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Familiar Stranger - cerebral aneurysms
this
disease such as cerebral aneurysms, a decade ago, it was considered
rare and unfamiliar. After years of success with him learned to cope,
diagnosing and performing the correct treatment in time, preserving the life of the patient.

Aneurysm
is a protrusion or extension of the vessel wall, arising not only
in the brain. This is due to the violation and thinning patterns
wall of an artery or vein. Depending on its expansion can speak of
the degree of threat to the patient. Too stretching, filled with the blood of an aneurysm
a minimum pressure on the surrounding brain tissue and nerves, as well as a maximum - at any moment can burst, forming
cerebral hemorrhage of varying severity. Brain Aneurysm can
located everywhere, but usually it is formed in areas of vascular
bifurcations.

Causes,
can cause changes in the width of the vessel:

  • hereditary defects in the muscle layer of the vessels;
  • genetic (presence of connective tissue diseases, disorders
    circulatory, renal cystic disease, etc.);
  • injury
    head;
  • very high blood pressure;
  • inflammation and brain tumor;
  • cerebral atherosclerosis;
  • various types of infection;
  • smoking;
  • addiction.

By
the method protrusion arterial wall following types of aneurysms
vessels of the brain:

  1. Saccular or berry - the most
    common form.
  2. Lateral.
  3. Fusiform.

they are also
classified by size: up to eleven millimeters - small, up to twenty
five - the average and more than twenty-five millimeters - giant. aneurysm can
be multi- and single-chamber, showing itself at any age, most often from being watched
women. It recalls its appearance aneurysm in a period of thirty to
sixty years.

Rupture of a brain aneurysm is fraught with bleeding, which may cause, in
Depending on the size of the aneurysm, very serious complications:

  • hemorrhagic stroke;
  • vasospasm (sharp narrowing of blood vessels, in violation trophism brain tissue) as the
    consequence - ischemic stroke or tissue damage;
  • Serious nervous system disorders: subarachnoid hemorrhage, as the
    investigation - hydrocephalus;
  • death.

If
aneurysm rupture, being small in size, the likelihood that this
happen again, is very high. And also not excluded new formations
aneurysm.


common
brain aneurysm symptoms

at
brain aneurysm symptoms are entirely dependent on the size of the
aneurysms and localization in the brain. Typically, the disease is
asymptomatic until the aneurysm until it reaches large and
burst. When the aneurysm reaches impressive size, can be observed
eye pain, mydriasis, ptosis century, photophobia and blurred
vision. On one half of the face can be felt weakness, numbness, paralysis.
Changes the psyche of the patient, there is a feeling of anxiety.

harbingers
aneurysm rupture can be severe headaches that can last
weeks. Sam aneurysm rupture accompanied by a sharp and severe headache,
nausea, vomiting, eyes can be split in two, and the nape of the neck muscles strongly strained.
In severe hemorrhages - convulsions, unconsciousness, coma.


Diagnosis of aneurysm
brain vessels

Familiar Stranger - cerebral aneurysms
at
suspected aneurysm diagnostic events provide a complete picture
disease and allow you to make accurate predictions of its development, offering more
timely treatment.

Aneurysm
brain vessels is diagnosed by:

  • angiography - an x-ray of the brain vessels using contrast
    substance;
  • Computed tomography of the head (CT) - is possible with contrast;
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) - with the use of contrast;
  • lumbar puncture - a blood test in the cerebrospinal fluid.


Aneurysm
vessels of the brain - the treatment and prognosis for the future

As
clinical manifestations, adequately treat cerebral aneurysms
only after receiving precise information on:

  • her
    location;
  • type;
  • size;
  • opportunities likely break;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • patient's medical history, age.

at
small aneurysm patient is under constant medical supervision
dynamics of the disease. When new symptoms - treatment of aneurysms
cerebrovascular complemented by new methods. From the operational methods
the treatment is applied:

  1. Clipping the aneurysm.
  2. Occlusion of the aneurysm.

methods
no prevention, and prognosis after rupture of the aneurysm in the brain depend mainly
on the time between the break and the relief to the patient, intensity
bleeding. Take into account the age, location and type of pathology.

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