What is anaphylaxia


  • Why anaphylactic shock occurs
  • How to recognize anaphylactic shock
  • What is dangerous anaphylactic shock
  • How to treat anaphylactic shock
  • How to prevent anaphylactic shock

  • Anaphylactic shock is an acute overall allergic response in a person who occurs when repeated contact with an allergen.

    Why anaphylactic shock occurs

    What is anaphylaxiaAnaphylaxis can be caused by any allergen, most often they are insect bites, some products or medicines.

    Anaphylactic shock - the most severe form of an allergic reaction to
    Pealing insects. It occurs about 5% of patients with severe
    local reaction to preceding polenia. Each fifth, who suffered an allergic reaction to the bee bite, wasps or
    other insect insect in childhood may suffer like
    Allergy throughout life. Contrary to generally accepted opinion,
    Most children do not get rid of age from allergic reactions
    on insect bites. Most often arrow to bite
    Insects of the Film Council, especially bees (7% of cases), in
    rare cases - OS, bumblebees, hornets and ants.

    Of all cases
    anaphylactic seen insects is his cause
    about 20% of cases. Allergen hitting in the body launches the release of substances responsible for inflammatory reactions. Therefore, the respiratory tract is narrowed in the lungs and wheezing, blood vessels are expanding and the blood pressure decreases, the walls of the vessels begin to pass the liquid and there is swelling, the heart starts working with failures and pumps blood worse.

    How to recognize anaphylactic shock

    Symptoms develop very quickly. Man begins to feel bad, he has an excitement, heartbeat, itching, redness, edema, cough, urticaria, breathing difficulty.

    What is dangerous anaphylactic shock

    Anaphylactic shock is a potentially lifelong reaction. Anaphylaxis can progress so quickly that collapse, cramps, unconscious state or stroke develop within 1-2 minutes. Therefore, without emergency medical care, a person may die.

    How to treat anaphylactic shock

    The main means of treatment with anaphylaxis is the introduction of adrenaline. This means that people who have undergone an allergic response to insect bites or products should always have a syringe with adrenaline. After facilitating the attack, the person still needs to be delivered to the hospital.

    How to prevent anaphylactic shock

    In a person who has undergone anaphylactic shock, the likelihood of repetition of this state is high. Therefore, people who inevitably face an allergen (for example, a long-term immunotherapy is shown in the dacha).

    When detecting allergies to the poison of the bee / wasp should be performed
    Preventive measures against Povement: Do not walk on the grass
    barefoot, wearing closing clothes, headdress, avoid
    Visits apiary, markets, etc. Contact a specialist allergist for
    clarifications of possible urgent events.

    Most preventive measures are quite simple and based
    In common sense: do not wear bright color clothes, do not use
    spirits and cosmetics, if you go to the forest; do not attend,
    Where inhabit stabbing insects, and t.D.

    with hypersensitivity to the poison of insects should be taught to do
    Adrenaline injections independently. It is preferable to introduce adrenaline
    In the front surface of the hip (direct muscle). The use of it is contraindicated in patient in a state of shock due to its vasodilator to the peripheral vessels. You must understand that the only effective treatment
    Anaphylactic shock is intramuscular administration of adrenaline.
    Antihistamine preparation in the form of chewing gum follows
    Use after adrenaline injection. In emergency cases
    make adrenaline injection through clothes, not exposing the skin in place
    administration of the drug and without rubbing her alcohol.

    Before the introduction of drugs that can cause allergies, prescribe skin samples or antihistamines.

    All new drugs must be administered in the clinic and under the control of the doctor.

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