Influenza is especially dangerous during pregnancy and in the early postpartum period. With severe flow and absence of timely treatment, it can lead to spontaneous miscarriage.
The most effective way to protect against influenza today – This is vaccination. Especially recommended vaccination to women who have diseases of the lungs or cardiovascular system, such as bronchial asthma, frequent bronchitis, arterial hypertension or heart defects, in addition, vaccination is necessary for all suffering from diabetes mellitus.
American college of obstetricians and gynecologists published recommendations according to which pregnant vaccination during the flu epidemic can be carried out on any time. Our country has recommendations, according to which pregnant women vaccinate only 2 and 3 trimesters.
After 12 weeks of pregnancy, the fetus has already formed all the systems and organs, so the defects of the flu will not be able to call, but, nevertheless, it is dangerous for the future mother and baby. In women who suffered flu 2 and 3 trimesters, the risk of premature births increases, feto-placental insufficiency may occur, intrauterine hypoxia and syndromes of the development of fetus.
The vaccine retains its action throughout the entire pregnancy, and the immunity from the flu is transmitted to the child intrauterine and remains the first 6 months of life (just during this period of infants can not be instilled from influenza). Contraindication for vaccination are acute infectious diseases, exacerbation of allergies, allergies to chicken protein, as the vaccine is made on the basis of egg protein.
After vaccination, minor side effects may occur: redness at the injection site, itching, swelling, rash. They usually pass independently within 2-3 days.
At the first signs of malaise immediately contact the doctor – It is important to raise the accurate diagnosis as soon as possible and assign the correct treatment.
At high temperatures (above 38.5С), paracetamol-based preparations can be used independently. Maximum daily dosage – 3 grams. Nonteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (aspirin, ibuprofen and t.D.) Pregnant women are prohibited.
During pregnancy it is possible to take antiviral drugs, the so-called neurinidase inhibitors. They are effective if you start using them within 48 hours after the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease. These drugs must be appointed by the attending physician.
Independent use of folk remedies is not recommended.