General (clinical) blood test allowsdetermine the presence of wide variety of diseases, even though their symptoms are not clearly expressed. The composition of the total blood in deciphering analysis includes the main components of the blood, abnormal, and which are a testament to all sorts of pathological processes in the body.
Blood sampling for general analysis is carried out on an empty stomach.
Complete blood count: decoding and composition
Complete blood analysis includes examining the quantity and quality of its components: red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, reticulocytes, hemoglobin, and so forth.
Hemoglobin is responsible for oxygen transport in theand tissue and organs are removed from the carbon dioxide. Reduced rate of this component indicates anemia, increased - by dehydration, blood clots, nicotine abuse, high physical activity. Also increasing is observed during the patient's stay at a high altitude.
Red blood cells
Red blood cells are involved inoxygen transport in the body and support the oxidation processes. Reducing their number observed in anemia, pregnancy, hydration, blood loss, reducing the production of these components by the bone marrow. In case of burns, diarrhea, diuretics significantly increases the number of red blood cells. A significant increase of this indicator suggests the use of steroid medications, tumors, polycystic kidney disease, edema of the renal pelvis, disease and Cushing's syndrome.
The color indicator
The color indicator displays the contentshemoglobin and is used to determine the type of anemia. It increases in iron deficiency anemia and type of diseases that violate the production of red blood pigment. Lack of folic acid or vitamin B12, cancer, stomach polyposis cause an increase in the color index.
They are the immature formerythrocytes which are found in the bone marrow. Their high content of evidence of enhanced development of these components in some types of anemia. In aplastic anemia and kidney disease the number of reticulocytes in the blood is reduced.
This blood components responsible for clotting,necessary for any injuries and damages. Their number increased in inflammatory processes, polycythemia, myeloid leukemia, in the postoperative period. The decline also points to systemic autoimmune diseases, aplastic and haemolytic anemia, hemolytic disease.
White blood cells
This is a group of blood components, consisting of fivespecies that is responsible for immune reactions of the body and the removal of its own dying cells. Elevated levels of leukocytes observed in inflammatory and purulent processes, sepsis, infectious lesions, increased physical activity in the last trimester of pregnancy and during lactation. Lowering their level observed in diseases of the bone marrow, radiation sickness, typhoid fever, viral illnesses, anaphylactic shock, and when taking certain medications.
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) ismost non-specific sign of pathological states of the organism. Increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate may be due to infectious and inflammatory diseases, pregnancy, menstruation, lactation, anemia, surgery, liver disease and kidney meal. Lowering indicators confirms the increasing level of bile acids, chronic circulatory disorders, erythremia.