Some erroneous but very widespread opinion helps to dispel the head of department of pathology of the upper respiratory tract MRI of the ear, nose and throat, the candidate honey. Sciences Maxim Nikolaevich Shubin.
This confusion does not exist only in the minds of the citizens, but sometimes occurs even in the pages of the popular medical publications.
Expert opinion. Angina - an acute infectious independenta disease that is localized in the entire region lymph pharyngeal ring, that is affecting the palatine, lingual and nasopharyngeal tonsils. Pathogens are a sore throat germs saprophytes. This opportunistic bacteria that are always present in the human body, but become pathogenic when it is attenuated. For example, after supercooling or physical stress.
Unlike angina pharyngitis and laryngitis oftencaused by viruses. Acute tonsillitis (inflammation of the tonsils) may be a manifestation of angina or acute respiratory viral infections (ARI). By the way, there is a misconception that angina occurs more frequently in those who suffer from chronic tonsillitis or pharyngitis. In fact, it is equally ill and people with perfectly healthy throat.
Why is it important to distinguish angina from abovediseases? If strep throat you move on foot without any consequences, angina can give severe complications. If you - SARS, accompanied by acute laryngitis and acute tonsillitis, and diagnosed "angina", the unnecessary use of antibiotics will lead to decreased immunity, destruction of beneficial microflora of the nasopharynx, the emergence of drug-resistant, ie resistant to this drug, strains of bacteria.
You need to know the symptoms of a sore throat - runny nose and coughwhile it is usually absent. But be sure - pronounced sore throat, fever, body aches, possible headaches. If, moreover, were found in the throat white or dirty gray raids - there is almost no doubt.
Expert opinion. The main route of transmission of angina -airborne, so the infection can be spread even when speaking at a close distance. With a sick person can not use the same dishes, towels, pillowcases, handkerchiefs. There is another way of infection - nutritional or food. For example, the case when both sick to 150 employees of the company due to the fact that he was ill with angina ... cook. That is why, like the flu, ill with angina in the acute phase should have as little contact as possible.
According to some advertising, if youa sore throat, you can soar long legs, making inhalation and drinking hot milk, and can simply dissolve special tablets. But in this case, all of angina is not enough.
Expert opinion. Today, most are planted with anginaStaphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, rarer hemolytic streptococcus and fungal infections. Such a bacterial infection that usually requires the use of antibiotics - they not only help to avoid complications but also prevent angina in the next few months to re-elect you as a victim.
expert Opinion. If you have a pronounced pain in the throat,combined with high temperatures, you should definitely see a doctor. Suffice it to say that under the angina symptoms is well masked terrible disease like diphtheria. It must be detected as early as possible - because today almost none of diphtheria patients do not die from suffocation, which manages to neutralize using modern means.
The lethal outcome is almost always associated with thesevere intoxication, which immediately starts to damage the heart and kidneys. For the detection of diphtheria there are many indirect clinical signs, but one hundred percent certainty gives only a special swab from the throat - on bacillus Leffler.
However, from the first minute you feelsore throat, you can start to the so-called symptomatic treatment. In this case, suitable formulations based on paracetamol - Nurofen, Strepsils, koldreks which both relieves pain in the throat and reduce the temperature. Do not be afraid that this "smazhet" picture of the disease before the arrival of the doctor. The only thing you need to do before his visit - to take at least one antibiotic pill.
Prescribers should be a doctor. The big problem in the world and in our country - antibiotic resistance, ie the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria. There is it because of the uncontrolled use of drugs. Firstly, when antibiotics are made "by eye" and are not designed for the type of bacteria that caused the disease. Secondly, when the first alleviating the patient stops taking antibiotics, which should last, usually at least 5-7 days.
Ideally, prior to prescribe medication, fromsore throat you need to take a smear, to find out which bacteria cause disease, and at the same time their resistance to certain drugs. In fact, in our conditions make it virtually impossible, because the rapid tests with fast granting no result, and antibiotics should be administered during the first hours of the disease.
Therefore, currently we developed variousrational antibiotic therapy schemes that allow work on the main groups of bacteria that cause a sore throat. Physician need 2-3 days to test the effectiveness of a drug - if the result is not immediately be appointed by the other.
Staying alone with no anginarecommended also because it is necessary to be surveyed - the analysis of urine and blood, cardiogram show, not complicated if your "simple" disease such unpleasant illnesses as infectious myocarditis, endocarditis, pyelonephritis, nephritis. Angina insidious consequences - suffice it to say that the main suppliers of rheumatism - a patients with recurrent angina. Sometimes, angina causes sinusitis, bronchitis, and other respiratory tract disease. Untreated infection induces recurrence of the disease, which can then provoke chronic tonsillitis.
Finally, the most dangerous localcomplications: inflammation of tissue around the tonsils - paratonsillitis and parafaringit. What it is? During the tonsil tissue is located, fenced off a kind of capsule. Penetration of infection over this capsule induces the formation of an abscess. The sharp increase in pain on one side of the larynx, restriction of mobility of the chewing muscles, difficulty in turning the head from side to side - all this says about the development of life-threatening complications. There is one day, and sometimes for a few hours and requires early hospitalization and emergency measures, sometimes surgery.
Any infectious disease has a certainDevelopment - a sore throat is no exception. If the next day after taking the antibiotic has become easier, it does not mean that the week sick leave you enough. It must be remembered that the majority of complications developing in the recovery period. The minimum duration of treatment - 10-12 days, and then another two weeks, you can not avoid exposure to cold, physical exertion. The desire to save for a day or two then it will be paid for over the years hardball diseases.
expert Opinion. In recent years, doctors have begun to characterize itand as the season ... summer disease. The increasing number suffering from angina in the summer is a kind of payment for comfort. Recall how could we 15 years ago in the heat at any angle to get completely ice covered with frost sparkling beverage?
One more example: before going into the room - a store or public places, it can be himself with water and then from the unbearable heat, and even stifling. Today is good practice to install air conditioners, and sometimes went into a shop or office, you just get out of the summer scorching heat in the cold. Please note that if after 30-degree heat, you find yourself at + 18 ° and, moreover, do not have good health, the probability is very high sick.
Save is not too difficult from the summer of angina - notshould be drunk well chilled sparkling water, should not be at work to sit directly under the air conditioner, "working in the cold", finally breaking a sweat, to avoid drafts.