Hypovitaminosis develops when consumption of vitaminsexceeds the amount entering the body of biologically active substances. Vitamins play an important role in the digestion of nutrients and minerals, and the release of energy from them, so the deficiency of certain vitamins in the components of human well-being deteriorates significantly due to a pathological dysfunction of organs and systems.
Given the advances of modern medicine,gipovitaminoz today occurs in a fairly mild form and can be treated easily. However, if time does not solve the problem, on the basis of partial deficiency of vitamins in the body develops beriberi - a 100% absence of a specific group of vitamins, which can lead to not only the development of disability, but fatal human.
Factors contributing to the development of hypovitaminosis
First place in the ranking of "perpetrators" lack of vitamins in the body takes alimentary (food) deficiency. Here are the conditions under which it develops:
- sparse concentration of vitamins in food, which used to have this or that person;
- long and wrong food storage, Improper cooking of them, so that is the destruction of vitamin substances;
- chemical composition unbalanced diet.
There is also acute shortage of vitamins can cause the following reasons:
- prolonged use of antimicrobials;
- Gastrointestinal disorders associated with the impossibility of full absorption of vitamins in the food channel, as well as pathologies vitamins exchange;
- adolescence, pregnancy and lactation.
MirSovetov hastens to note that in the context of frequent stress, heavy physical work and live in a place where the cold climate prevails, the need for vitamins increases by 50-60%.
The main features of different hypovitaminosis
Examination of the patient with suspectedgipovitaminoz begins in the gastroenterologist's office. The specialist will make a preliminary diagnosis based on the patient's complaints and symptoms of the condition that it hurts.
If the laboratory conditions allow, conductstudy, in which one can determine the amount of each vitamin in the blood. In the case where there is an assumption that vitamin deficiencies emerged from behind a concomitant disease, conduct additional diagnostic procedures, such as analysis of feces for the presence of worms.
Eliminating the lack of vitamins
On peculiarities of treatment of a patient of hypovitaminosissays the doctor. For this purpose replacement therapy, which is based on the use of drugs and fortified foods containing vitamin desired maximum concentration.
Vitamin deficiencies in many people is expressed asGenerally, the lack of in the body of several active substances, therefore, for the correction of this condition it is advisable to take multivitamin preparations, which balance the vitamin content of all components. Here are some of the drugs that are often prescribed for gipovitaminoze:
- Undevit - for the elderly 2 tablets 3 times a day for a month.
- Aevitum - for people involved in active mental activity or heavy physical labor: 1 tablet 1 time per day.
- Dekamevit - for people in recovery from cardiac and neurological diseases 1 tablet 2 times a day for 20 days.
- Geksavit - with a deficit of vitamins A and 1 tablet 2 times a day.
- Tocopherol acetate - in case of lack of Vitamin E in a dose of 30 mg / day for 30 days.
Restores amounts of vitamins C and Dbody begin with diet therapy and oral administration of vitamin C at a rate of 100 mg / day and vitamin D in a solution of 300 IU daily for 45 days, respectively.
Vitamin K deficiency eliminate strictly guidedon coagulation indices. With little material shortage Vikasol used orally at 30 mg / day, with a substantial exhaustion of internal stores of substance use Fitamenadion subcutaneous dose of 20 mg / day of injections.
Correction of diet for therapeutic purposes
With a slight deficiency of a particularvitamin in the body, you can remedy the situation without drugs. To do this, you need to analyze carefully what you eat and how useful these products.
As part of the natural food is not onlyvitamins, but also a whole range of acids, flavonoids and polyphenols that make us the missing material can be effectively absorbed by the body. That is why it is so important to eat properly and efficiently.
Deficiency of ascorbic acid make up berriesblack currants, rose hips, sweet pepper and sea buckthorn. Potatoes, peas, beans, buckwheat, millet and oat groats - a natural storehouse of B vitamins in food of animal origin (meat, fish, liver, eggs and milk) is more than sufficient concentration of vitamins A, D, B12, PP. Vitamin E present in crude sunflower oil, kidney, liver and eggs.
Daily obligatory food for adulta person must be dairy products, fruits and vegetables (not less than 450 g), wholemeal bread, a variety of cereals. Ready meals stored in the refrigerator for no more than 12 hours, otherwise their use would be meaningless - as a result of prolonged storage of vitamins they lose completely.
Prevention of disease
To never break his head, which wouldsuch to eat to replenish valuable vitamins you need from time to time to take medicine, donated by the very nature of man. Obshcheukrepljajushchee fitosbor prepared with their own hands, not only to win vitamin deficiencies, but also improve the overall tone of the body. Try the delicious fortified tea, which is pleasant to drink in cold and hot weather.
To make it, take 1 tbsp. l. rowan berries ordinary cinnamon and fruit rose hips, connect them and pour boiling water (0.5 L). Boil the "cure" for 10 minutes, then remove from the heat and close the container lid. Let the tea brew for about 3 hours, then strain. Take wholesome drink 0.5 cups in the morning, afternoon and evening.
At the request of a mountain ash in this recipe, you can replace the raspberries, cranberries and black currants. Be healthy!