How to recognize pituitary dwarfism


    Symptoms and signs of the disease

    How to recognize pituitary dwarfismStunting is detected in the first months of lifechild, at least - during puberty. The body retains the proportions typical of childhood. There have been: the backlog of ossification of the skeleton of age, delayed dentition. The skin is dry, pale and wrinkled; weak development of subcutaneous fat, and sometimes excessive deposition of fat in the breasts, abdomen, thighs. The muscular system in these patients significantly less developed.

    If dwarfism is marked reduction in the production of sexhormones (hypogonadism), which manifests itself in the form of lack of sexual development. Men suffering from this disease, gonads and penis is reduced compared with the age norm, underdeveloped scrotum, there is a lack of secondary sexual characteristics. In women, hypogonadism is manifested in the form of absence of menstruation, underdevelopment of the mammary glands and secondary sex characteristics.

    Mental development is normal.

    For patients characterized by downsizinginternal organs, frequent hypotension (decreased blood pressure), bradycardia (slowing of heart rate). There are phenomena of secondary hypothyroidism (low thyroid function).

    Diagnostics </ H2>

    How to recognize pituitary dwarfismFor confirmation of the disease is necessary to:

    • blood tests and urine growth hormone and others. Selection of the necessary tests determine the doctor, he also ordered a hormone tests. The essence of the samples in the following need to donate blood for hormones, then to take the medicine and after a while to be tested again.
    • perform X-rays of the skull and sella region to determine the size of the pituitary gland.

    In addition, the following studies can be assigned:

    • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) of the brain - a painless procedure, with which you can see in detail the area of ​​the pituitary gland and the surrounding areas of the brain.
    • ophthalmologist's consultation.

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