Trachoma is an infectious disease that canlead to disability of view. It is caused by a parasitic bacterium that develops only in cell tissues age. A few years later formed scars can cause the orientation of the eyelashes inward eye and scratches appearing on the lens of the eye, in many cases cause blindness.
Treatment of chlamydial conjunctivitis
Chlamydial conjunctivitis causemicroorganisms which are neither bacteria nor virus, but may exhibit the properties and one other. This is a separate class of intracellular parasites, which was identified only recently. Chlamydial conjunctivitis caused by the parasitic bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, which occurs only in the cell tissues age.
Chlamydia can cause two types of conjunctival diseases:
Trachoma - a serious disease of the body,that affects the conjunctiva, cornea, lacrimal organs forever. In pre-revolutionary Russia trachoma was widespread and is a major cause of blindness. Now trachoma widespread in economically backward countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America. It is believed that due to the achievements of Soviet medicine trachoma in Russia is not found. Type (strain) of Chlamydia, which cause trachoma disease anywhere else in the human body can not exist.
Trachoma begins gradually and imperceptibly. There may be complaints about the feeling of heaviness in the eyelids, feeling of sand in the eyes, eyelids sticking in the morning. Gradually there is a thickening of the conjunctiva, which acquires a cherry tint. Then mucosa appear thicker dense bubbles conjunctival surface becomes uneven. mucosal thickening continues, it sticks out of the optic fissure, recalling "rooster combs." Gradually, the process involves the cornea. It first formed vesicles (follicles), which are then converted into the pit. All the cornea thickens, becomes cloudy. This condition is called corneal pannus trachomatous (curtain). After subacute scarring occurs, which involves not only the surface but also deep eye tissue. Scarring of the cornea and is exposed.
Mild forms of trachoma, when after sufferingdiseases of vision is preserved, rare, often the disease lasts for years and ends with blindness. Complications of trachoma are trichiasis (abnormal growth of eyelashes) or stopping the growth of eyelashes and alopecia century education bloat century (entropion), sinblefaron (fusion of the mucous membrane of the eyelids and the mucous membrane of the eyeball), disruption of the glands that produce the tear fluid and dryness of the cornea (xerosis) . Xerosis It often leads to blindness.
Used laying in the conjunctival sacantibiotic ointments from 3 to 6 times a day for three months, or once a day lay dibiomitsinovuyu ointment long-acting. Sometimes it is necessary to remove the follicles with the help of special tools.
Treatment of complications of trachoma surgery. Performs a variety of plastic surgery.
Paratrahoma or chlamydial conjunctivitisalso called okulourogenitelnoy infection. This type of conjunctivitis chlamydia cause that affect the genitourinary system (urogenital chlamydiosis). Sick people are usually young, sexually active. The infection gets into the eye of the urinary and sexual organs with unwashed hands, sometimes with towels, bathing in the pool. Often chlamydial conjunctivitis is combined not only with chlamydial infection of the urogenital tract, but also with joint disease. Previously, this disease called Reiter's syndrome.
Sometimes chlamydial conjunctivitis can occurisolation. Most sick one eye. The disease usually begins with acute swelling and redness of the eyelids. A few days later it increases and becomes painful parotid gland. It stands out at first mucous, pus and then out of the eye. After 1-2 weeks in the mucosa of the eyes appear follicles (vesicles) of large and small sizes. Sometimes follicles appear on the cornea. Typically, patients recover within 2-3 months, but sometimes the disease takes a chronic course.
Very rarely chlamydial conjunctivitis canbe severe, resembling trachoma. Newborn babies can be infected with chlamydia while passing through the mother's birth canal during delivery. Almost always in newborns suffer both eyes. Conjunctivitis occurs acutely, accompanied by copious purulent discharge from the eyes. Sometimes films are formed on the mucous membranes of the eyes, which can be easily removed. Most of the film occur on the conjunctiva of the lower eyelid.
Treatment of chlamydial conjunctivitis
When treatment of chlamydial conjunctivitis laying applied into the conjunctival sac with antibiotic ointment 5-6 times a day. It is necessary to cure the underlying disease - urogenital chlamydiosis.