Statistics states: diarrhea, or, scientifically, diarrhea ranks second in prevalence of human diseases, passing in front of him only to acute respiratory infections. During the life of every person is required to tolerate at least some attacks of diarrhea. In some acute diarrhea occurs and lasts no more than two weeks, other proceeds chronically for years.
Diarrhea - a pathological symptomcharacterized excreta amount increases more than 3-4 times per day, fecal dilution and the appearance of various impurities in them, which is not observed up to a point.
The color of feces in diarrhea in adults can rangefrom the normal, yellow, to green and even black. Cal can be frothy, watery, non-uniform, the admixture may contain undigested pieces of food, mucus or blood, have a fetid or sour smell.
The appearance of loose stool preceded by rumbling,bloating, crampy abdominal pain, requiring immediate bowel movement. Diarrhea may be accompanied by fever, rotten belching, nausea, vomiting. The analysis of all these symptoms allows the doctor to make an assumption that it was the cause of diarrhea.
Diarrhea in adult human may be caused bya variety of bacterial and viral infections, food poisoning. The risk to catch salmonellosis and dysentery is really great, especially in case of accidents on the water intakes, by eating low-quality products, neglecting the rules for storage, preparation and consumption of food, personal hygiene for defects.
Tourists traveling in the southern countries, can easily pick up acute diarrhea: in exotic countries mass intestinal infections, in front of which our person is absolutely defenseless.
Diarrhea may accompany enzymaticfailure with pancreatitis and gallstones, can be a symptom of intestinal diseases, poisoning by chemicals. Sometimes accompanied by diarrhea medication reception, in particular antibiotics, is a sign of dysbacteriosis and - a state in which diarrhea is associated with impaired gut microflora. Neurogenic diarrhea, which is sometimes popularly called "Bear's disease" occurs against a background of stress and is common in women. The cause of diarrhea may be unfamiliar foods, lack of vitamins, alcohol, smoking, and even rapid change of time zones.
To cope with diarrhea, it is important to knownature. In some cases, it is obvious, in others is necessary to make a great effort to establish the true cause of intestinal disorders. In any case, treatment of diarrhea should be literate, and not always able to cope with it on their own.
For example, infectious diarrhea often requiretreatment to the doctor, to cope with them only with the help of antibiotics, antimicrobial and antiviral drugs. If diarrhea is accompanied by diseases of the digestive system, required treatment of these diseases.
Management of diarrhea in an adult shouldbe: if the diarrhea is accompanied by high fever, occurs against a background of severe general condition, if for four days failed to deal with it on their own - you need to see a doctor. Urgent Care is needed when severe pain in the abdomen, the appearance of a black, tarry, dark cherry stool or feces streaked with blood.
Treatment of diarrhea in the adult begins with dieting. The goal - to provide the body with all the necessary materials and at the same time to rest the bowel.
On the first day it is better to refrain from eating and limit sweetened tea and water. Subsequently permitted use pureed, boiled, baked and stewed dishes.
From food products are excluded, stimulating peristalsis and causing fermentation and putrefaction in the intestines.
Diarrhea can not
- Whole milk and products thereof, fatty cream
- Fresh white bread, buns, greasy dough products
- Pork, beef, duck, sausages
- Raw vegetables, cabbage, zucchini, squash - in any form
- Oranges, bananas, plums, apricots
- Dried apricots, raisins, prunes, and all kinds of nuts
- Carbonated drinks
- Chocolate and cocoa
Diarrhea can be
- Black stale bread, crackers, biscuits galetnoe
- Chicken, rabbit, turkey
- Low-fat dairy products
- Lemon juice, diluted with water
- Blueberries, cranberries, baked apples
- Buckwheat, rice, oatmeal
- Dried fruits: apples, pears, rosehips
The use of liquid
To prevent dehydration, you must drink a lot, up to 3 liters of water per day.
Strengthen the power and compensate for fluid loss andmineral salts will drink made from 1 teaspoon salt 8 tablespoons of sugar, juice of 2 oranges, diluted in 1 liter of clean boiled water. Take this "medicine" should be 1 tablespoon every hour.
Remove from the gut microbes and toxinsto get rid of bloating help of activated carbon, "polifepam", "Smecta", "Enterosgel" and other products based on the components that have the ability to bind substances irritating the intestines and natural way to remove them from the body.
If the diarrhea is associated with enzyme deficiency, it is necessary to support the digestive system enzyme preparations such as "mezim" or pancreatin.
From diarrhea to help burnet saxifrage, galangal,St. John's wort, tansy, marigold, mother-and-stepmother, yarrow, meadowsweet and knotweed. Anchoring effect have a black currant, blueberry, wild cherry, barberry, rose, buds of aspen, alder cones and oak bark. From relieve flatulence infusion of fennel seeds, chamomile flowers, and valerian root.
If the nerves are to blame ...
Diarrhea in the nervous system should be treatedsedatives, hypnosis, psychotherapy, meditation and autogenic training. As with any breakdowns, useful marine, iodine-bromine and pine baths, aromatherapy with essential oils of lavender, orange, mint, rose, pine, eucalyptus.