Opisthorchiasis - a chronic helminthiasis with primary
liver disease of the bile ducts and pancreas. Most
large infestation by opisthorchiasis area - Pool Ob and Irtysh
in Western Siberia and eastern Kazakhstan. opisthorchiasis common
also in the basins of the Kama and Volga, Northern Dvina, Dnieper, found in
the central regions of the European part of Russia, Belarus, the Baltic States,
Eastern Europe, in Germany.
Opisthorchiasis - common among fish-eating animals, but more often a source of
infection is man. Infection occurs through ingestion of raw,
frozen, salted, dried fish (roach, bream, carp). exciter
opisthorchiasis - flatworm. Opistorhisov in humans and mammals
animals live in the bile ducts of the liver and pancreatic ducts
gland, releasing the eggs into the ducts. With bile, pancreatic juice, eggs
reach the intestine and faeces - the environment.
In children with acute opisthorchiasis distinguish asymptomatic,
erased and clinical form of the disease, and among chronic opisthorchiasis -
sluggish and symptomatic forms.
What are the symptoms in children opisthorchiasis
Symptoms begin with a temperature rise, abdominal pain (usually
just the right upper quadrant), and sometimes a skin rash, redness
upper respiratory tract, upset his chair. Characteristic changes in the
blood. Chronic stage opisthorchiasis in children manifests itself
gastrointestinal disorders, in approximately 30% of children developed
chronic fatigue, fatigue and malaise. In young children,
reveal slowing development, reduced power, an unstable chair,
violation of appetite, mild liver enlargement, blood analysis, there is a tendency to anemia (hemoglobin decrease).
How is the prevention, diagnosis and treatment in children opisthorchiasis
The main method opisthorchiasis prevention in children is the use of fish in the heat-treated form.
Acute opistorhoz diagnosed according to consumption
raw fish, characteristic symptoms (fever, skin
rash), as well as characteristic changes in the blood. The diagnosis is confirmed
detection of parasite eggs in feces.
opisthorchiasis treatment in the acute phase of a high fever,
organ lesions begin to alleviate these symptoms, apply
antihistamines (suprastin, tavegil) to reduce skin
rashes. In severe cases of hormone therapy is used in moderation
doses for 5-7 days with a quick lifting of the drug. then give
worming medication. Monitoring the effectiveness of the treatment is carried out
after 3 and 6 months of study 3x faeces.
Forecast opisthorchiasis in children with early diagnosis and rational treatment favorable.