tick borne encephalitis

Content

  • The reason for tick-borne encephalitis
  • The process of developing the disease
  • Symptoms of the disease
  • Urgent care
  • Preventing disease




  • The reason for tick-borne encephalitis

    The causative agent - a virus that can survive in
    the grip at low temperatures and is sensitive to high temperatures.
    Boiling kills 2 minutes. In the milk and milk products
    saved up to 2 months.

    The source of the virus are mites, in which it exists indefinitely, handed down to posterity.

    Human infection with the tick suction proiskhoit having a virus
    tick-borne encephalitis, or eating raw milk and goats
    cows thattick borne encephalitiskzhe infected ticks.

    Typical spring-summer season, connected with the period of greatest activity of ticks.

    Ticks are common in the forest and forest-steppe part of the Russian Far
    East to the western border. In recent years there has been widespread
    increased incidence of tick-borne encephalitis. 70% of cases - city
    people using recreational forests near cities.


    The process of developing the disease

    When the tick bites or through the gastro-intestinal tract of tick-borne virus
    encephalitis virus enters the bloodstream and enters the cells of the central nervous
    system, causing severe changes in them. The patient to others is not dangerous.

    An illness leaves persistent immunity to the disease,
    however, the virus persists in some people, causing chronic
    forms of the disease.


    evidence

    disease

    incubatory
    period lasts from 1 to 30 days. The disease begins suddenly with
    chills, rapid increase in body temperature to 38-39 ° C, strong
    headache, body aches, weakness, weakness, sleep disturbances,
    nausea, sometimes vomiting. Face, eyes red patient. With 3-5 days of illness
    develop nerve damage.


    Urgent care

    The patient should be immediately placed in an infectious diseases hospital for intensive treatment.

    Been ill with tick-borne encephalitis are under medical supervision
    depending on the residual effects of previous disease.


    Preventing disease

    To prevent tick attacks recommended the use of protective clothing and
    repellents in the period of greatest activity of ticks.

    The most effective protection against tick-borne encephalitis is
    vaccination. vaccination course consists of three vaccinations. The first two vaccinations
    should be carried out during the cold season (from November) and end
    not later than 14 days before the start of activity of ticks.

    When
    sucking mite for his research on the infection to be
    refer to the infectious diseases hospital. In case of positive result
    study suffered injected immunoglobulin against tick
    encephalitis. Its administration is most effective within 1 day after
    tick bites in 4 days it is not carried out.

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