What is amoebic dysentery

Content

  • amoebic
    dysentery
  • Symptoms of amoebic dysentery
  • Diagnosis and treatment of amoebic dysentery



  • amoebic
    dysentery

    Amoebiasis (amoebic
    dysentery) - a disease caused by single-celled parasite
    tissue-dissolving amoeba (Entamoeba histolytica). The parasite affects
    colon. It occurs everywhere, but more often in hot countries
    climates.

    Amebamozhet exist in two forms:

    • trophozoites - the active form, dwells in the intestinal contents, the human body is not viable.
    • cyst - inactive form, namely by means of distribution of cysts occurs amebiasis.

    trophozoites
    may cause diarrhea (diarrhea) and thus excreted
    human. If the diarrhea does not develop, it become trophozoites
    solid cysts, which are excreted in the feces.

    Infection
    occurs through contact with an infected feces that may in bad
    hygienic and sanitary conditions, through sexual contact with an infected
    man.



    Symptoms of amoebic dysentery

    often symptoms
    amebiasis so vague that a person can live for years with this
    disease and do not pay attention to it. This may be diarrhea,
    flatulence, abdominal cramps, blood may appear in the stool may
    sometimes a slight increase in body temperature.

    What is amoebic dysentery
    Gradually, a person may develop exhaustion (cachexia), and anemia.

    at
    worst case scenario trophozoites events embedded in the intestinal
    wall. In this case, a destruction of the epithelium, damage
    vascular ulcers and formation of deep ulcers. Clinically it
    manifested by pain along the colon, frequent the slim
    defecation with large amounts of mucus and blood (up to form
    "Raspberry jelly"), a rise in temperature, general weakness, loss of
    appetite.

    Sometimes formed tumor-like formations - amoeboma, which can lead to intestinal obstruction.

    If trophozoites penetrate the intestinal wall, it is fraught with inflammation of the peritoneum - peritonitis.

    Penetration
    trophozoites in appendix tissue can lead to a mild form
    appendicitis. It is dangerous that the appendix removal operation
    There is a risk of parasites enter into the abdominal cavity, so
    usually postpone the operation for two or three days, during which
    patient being treated preparations for destroying vermin.

    Trophozoites may also affect the liver through the bloodstream to infect the lungs, brain and other organs.



    Diagnosis and treatment of amoebic dysentery

    For
    diagnosis of amebiasis take a stool sample. It may be necessary
    perform 3 to 6 trials. Moreover, for inspection of the interior
    the surface of the rectum is performed sigmoidoscopy.

    Treatment
    appoint a doctor, and only the results of tests. 1, 3
    and 6 months after treatment to repeat stool testing for
    to ascertain the effectiveness of therapy.

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