dysentery) - a disease caused by single-celled parasite
tissue-dissolving amoeba (Entamoeba histolytica). The parasite affects
colon. It occurs everywhere, but more often in hot countries
Amebamozhet exist in two forms:
- trophozoites - the active form, dwells in the intestinal contents, the human body is not viable.
- cyst - inactive form, namely by means of distribution of cysts occurs amebiasis.
may cause diarrhea (diarrhea) and thus excreted
human. If the diarrhea does not develop, it become trophozoites
solid cysts, which are excreted in the feces.
occurs through contact with an infected feces that may in bad
hygienic and sanitary conditions, through sexual contact with an infected
Symptoms of amoebic dysentery
amebiasis so vague that a person can live for years with this
disease and do not pay attention to it. This may be diarrhea,
flatulence, abdominal cramps, blood may appear in the stool may
sometimes a slight increase in body temperature.
Gradually, a person may develop exhaustion (cachexia), and anemia.
worst case scenario trophozoites events embedded in the intestinal
wall. In this case, a destruction of the epithelium, damage
vascular ulcers and formation of deep ulcers. Clinically it
manifested by pain along the colon, frequent the slim
defecation with large amounts of mucus and blood (up to form
"Raspberry jelly"), a rise in temperature, general weakness, loss of
Sometimes formed tumor-like formations - amoeboma, which can lead to intestinal obstruction.
If trophozoites penetrate the intestinal wall, it is fraught with inflammation of the peritoneum - peritonitis.
trophozoites in appendix tissue can lead to a mild form
appendicitis. It is dangerous that the appendix removal operation
There is a risk of parasites enter into the abdominal cavity, so
usually postpone the operation for two or three days, during which
patient being treated preparations for destroying vermin.
Trophozoites may also affect the liver through the bloodstream to infect the lungs, brain and other organs.
Diagnosis and treatment of amoebic dysentery
diagnosis of amebiasis take a stool sample. It may be necessary
perform 3 to 6 trials. Moreover, for inspection of the interior
the surface of the rectum is performed sigmoidoscopy.
appoint a doctor, and only the results of tests. 1, 3
and 6 months after treatment to repeat stool testing for
to ascertain the effectiveness of therapy.