Basic concepts of Tibetan medicine
Tibet is often called the "roof of the world". It is located in the extreme south-west of China, at the highest and most extensive on the ground Tibetan Plateau. Tibet is situated at an altitude of about four thousand meters above sea level and the height of some of its mountains of more than seven thousand meters. During that Tibet and its name "roof of the world" because of its population living closest to the sun.
Tibet is considered to be a treasure trove of untold wealthChina, as well as the birthplace of Tibetan medicine, one of the oldest extant medical and philosophical schools. Philosophical Foundations of Tibetan medicine are rooted in Buddhism, which penetrated into Tibet in the first half of the seventh century, during the reign of King Sontsya Gampo (627-649). It is believed that he had invited doctors to Tibet from India, China, Nepal, Byzantium and Persia for the exchange of knowledge and the translation of medical texts into Tibetan. It was the beginning of the creation of a complex medical system and the beginning of many years of experience exchange.
In India in the sixth century BC were alreadyknown for a variety of health practices, according to legend, the Buddha Shakyamuni, who is sometimes called the Supreme doctor, became the first to use and teach these practices. It is believed that the Indian Buddhist medicine (Ayurveda) and served as a kind of prototype of Tibetan medicine.
From the point of view of Buddhist philosophy, diseaseIt is beginning to emerge in the depths of the mind, and then sold on the material level. But disease of the physical body necessarily violations occur at the level of the mind and emotions. Harmony leads to higher levels of the harmony of the lower levels.
The principles of Tibetan medicine
The underlying principle of Tibetan medicineIt is the principle of unity of the materialistic external environment and the body. It is believed that a living organism and its environment consists of four primary elements of matter - fire, water, earth and air. These material elements in vivo physiological functions provide regulatory systems, "rlung" - the wind, "mkhris" - bile "badkan" - mucus, which are defined as neurohumoral mechanisms.
According to Tibetan medicine, the human body consists of seven elements:
- plasma - the liquid nutrient
- blood - the life force
- muscles - "clothes" for bones
- adipose tissue - the lubricating substance
- bone and cartilage - helps to stand and walk
- Bone marrow
- nerves - the power of the nervous tissue
- sperm / egg - reproduction
The sequence in which the lists, the elements corresponding to the sequence of their formation in the body. Each additional item appears in the metabolic cleansing prior.
The following elements in Tibetan medicine - it'ssubstances which usually removes from the body itself in the formation and maintenance of the above seven items: cal - removes toxins in solid form through a colon; urine - removes toxins in liquid form through the kidneys; sweat - removes toxins through the pores in the skin.
It is believed that physical health is determinedthe balance of the three major systems in the body: wind, bile and phlegm. The most common and effective method of diagnosis is the pulse diagnosis and urine analysis. It is believed that listening to the patient's heart rate is better at dawn, after a night's sleep.
However, we should not think that the diagnosisIt is defined only by the strength and frequency of the pulse. During the reception, a doctor inspects the patient, to give full information about the state of his health, the general tone of the skin, eyes, tongue, and other symptoms. As a rule, the effectiveness of treatment depends on the doctor and his experience.
Medicines in Tibetan medicine
In Tibetan medicine, for the treatment and prevention,widely used drugs of animal and vegetable origin, practice effects on the body through massage, acupuncture, talk with the patient, as well-known cases of shamanic practices.
Thus, in the conventional system, Tibetanmedicine all the basic principles and provisions of the micro- and macrocosm are hierarchically associated with centuries of experience, knowledge of the organization of living systems, which are an anticipation of chronobiology, chronomedicine and chronopharmacology.
A study of Tibetan medicine sources,particularly "Chzhud-shi" and "Vaidurya-onbo" showed that traditional Tibetan medicine is a holistic system of multi-level hierarchical structure with specific blocks of theoretical concepts, diagnostic methods and treatments.