What to do in such a case - the question is not toabsentee discussion. The success of the psychological rehabilitation after an accident depends primarily on the diagnosis of the situation and approach it is individually, or you can get a completely opposite results. But at least you can talk to a first approximation as to why there is all this "post-accident syndrome"? And if such a syndrome appeared suddenly, how fast it can go "in itself", and whether or not at all?
The occurrence and duration of the syndrome vary from at least three factors.
Factor first. The severity of the accident itself
Each evaluates it subjectively. But the heavier the person perceives what had happened to him a traffic accident, the greater the likelihood of "disaster syndrome". At the same time let us not forget that the "burden" is not limited to physical injuries, although it is, of course, in the first place. More severe enough can be material damage - we can say that, they say, "glands", but often it can lick significantly, especially if the car was "a means to make money" ...
And, of course, significantly increases"Psychological burden" experienced by the fact that in the accident received severe damage or God forbid, killed a passenger or pedestrian. In such cases, the guilt may even prevent a person ever get behind the wheel. But such a reaction is already dependent on the personal characteristics of the driver.
The second factor. Personal characteristics
Different people have different perceptions occurringthem of the incident. Consider three exemplary response type. Of course, this is "the most superficial generalizations," and certainly the real person can combine a few signs. Moreover, these features may equally occur in both men and women.
"scorcher". This man with the quick response and explosivetemperament, getting pleasure from the driving process - especially ride fast and usually risky. Such people often get into accidents, but tend to blame others - largely because they themselves possess infantile thinking (at least on the road) and just not able to predict the development of the situation "on their own bumper."
If a driver gets into the next roadaccident - the most likely syndromes no worry he will not be. As soon as new fractures heal, he again "ready to fight", and with the same degree of risk. Accidents are for him to "the natural cost" - so playing at the casino is not upset because another loss because losses is an integral part of the gameplay ... That's for the cab accident - a mandatory part of the process "to drive fast." And if in these accidents through the fault of the reckless driver who is hurt - it sometimes no court can not make yourself feel guilty ... at least as long as he did not grow up intellectually.
"Careful". To be honest, he does not like to drive a car anddoes this, they say, only "if necessary". He usually does not exceed the speed, trying to observe the traffic and generally very concerned about security. However, it sometimes does not pass the accident - either he does not have time to react to changing traffic conditions, or not be able to dodge the Likhachev, or in any stressful situation, react very poorly ... In any case, if such a person had an accident - post-accident syndrome had will almost always. Especially if some of its passengers there are victims - just such a driver is most often suffer from feelings of guilt. And even if the court proves that he is an accomplished just as guilty!
However, the duration of the syndrome depends herehow strong will be the "need" that made even drive a car. If you find you need to get behind the wheel almost immediately after the incident - people often sit and go. It is clear that his likely Syndrome "corral deep" and "consequences" as a latent fear, etc. - Are likely to remain, but not to completely lose mental ability to operate the machine.
"Actor". For this person not only on the road, but also inall life is important, "as it looks." And above all - it looks like he has. If he is driving, he does so, alas, not the best way - and sometimes it is because he "wants to pay attention to it." We can say that sometimes on the road, he just "does not know how not to interfere." For example, it is quite able to travel directly between the two series: the pier, but it sure many will want to look into his cabin to see "who is there so unusual rides!" And he gets into an accident more often for the same reason - unless, of passing complicated intersection, suddenly decided to fix her hair or clothes, if elegant long coat entangled in the pedals, or prevented cool fashion boots Management ...
Such a driver after the accident syndromeIt occurs frequently, but no matter how cynical, in most cases, because he and his experiences want to attract maximum attention. And the manifestation of the syndrome he is often dragged to the impossibility: "You just listen to what I had to endure!" In the most severe cases, control the fear turns into a phobia - not to mention the fact that the individual data are prone to so-called somatization problems that adversely affects to speed their physical rehabilitation.
Third factor. The reaction of the surrounding society
The most common post-accident syndrome occurs and lasts a long time if:
- surrounding provoke and "lively take" those "vivid narration of experiences" - in other words, if the actors are grateful spectators;
- if caution in the life of "no margin for error." In this case, even a small "tin" can be perceived by him as a severe accident (because of this he will receive a disproportionately heavy censure!) And can lead to the fact that people never sit behind the wheel, because it will always backbreaking burden of responsibility ...
And to prevent the occurrence of the syndrome may include:
- if you get behind the wheel again, "it makes the need" - as they say, without a car does, and no one else to go: it can be a great help in the matter of gradual psychological rehabilitation;
- and if a person has good relationships with loved ones: in any case, in the process of "mental recovery" have someone of his moral support, encourage and wish good luck!