Panic attacks may be symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia, chronic depression, endocrine and cardiovascular diseases.
Clinical manifestations of a panic attack are varied:
- on the part of the cardiovascular system: palpitations, rapid pulse, feeling short of breath, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, pain or discomfort in the chest and on the left side of the chest;
- on the part of the endocrine system: sweating, chills;
- on the part of the gastrointestinal tract: nausea or discomfort in the stomach, abdominal pain, upset his chair;
- on the part of the nervous system: feeling of inner trembling and shaking of limbs, dizziness, unsteadiness when walking, fear of death, sensation of numbness or tingling in the limbs, insomnia, confusion, and memory loss, feeling a lump in my throat, impaired vision or hearing.
Duration of attacks may vary from a few minutes to several hours, averaging 15 - 30 min. The frequency of attacks - from several days to up to 1 - 2 times a month.
Causes of panic attacks are varied: accumulated stress, difficult life situations, thyroid disease, cardiovascular disease, diseases of nervous system and spine (stroke, cerebrovascular insufficiency, atherosclerosis, low back pain, herniated disc).
Untimely reference to the doctor when apanic disorder can lead to permanent neurosis, the risk of acute cerebrovascular events and myocardial infarction, social maladjustment (fear of public places, conflicts at work and at home).
If you suffer from bouts of panic attacks, youyou must seek the advice of specialist doctors with extensive experience in the diagnosis and treatment of panic disorder. You must first eliminate the possibility that the pathology of the internal organs and systems, to conduct laboratory and instrumental examination of the brain, vascular ultrasound examination of the heart and the thyroid gland. This will make the correct diagnosis and prescribe a complete and effective treatment.