What is histrionic personality disorder


  • What are the symptoms of hysterical personality disorders
  • What are the causes of hysterical personality disorders
  • What is the prognosis of hysterical psychopathy
  • How is the treatment of hysterical personality disorders

  • People with histrionic personality disorder are extremely
    emotional and constantly seek attention. Typically, their
    described as "emotionally charged". Excessive rapidly changing
    mood can greatly complicate their lives, they are always "on stage":
    even describing daily events, they have resorted to theatrical gestures
    and elaborate speech. These people are constantly changing, trying to attract
    the attention of others, and to impress them; seems that they
    there is no sense of what they are in reality
    present. Their speech is rather poor in essential details, and they are often
    follow all the rage, trying to arouse the admiration of others.

    The approval and praise make sense of the lives of these individuals; they
    We should make others witnessed his emotional elation
    and the manifestations of his mood. They can not be put off by a long
    term enjoyment. Vain, self-centered and persistent,
    they too rapidly react to any slight event that
    gets in the way of their search of attention. Some attempts to commit
    suicide, mainly in order to manipulate

    Until recently it was believed that the disorder is more common in
    women than in men. Recent studies suggest that
    personality disorder occurs in 2-3% of adults, with
    men and women are equally him (APA, 1994; Nestadt
    et al., 1990).

    What are the symptoms of hysterical personality disorders

    What is histrionic personality disorder
    The peculiarity of the hysterical psyche is the lack of clear boundaries
    between the products of his own imagination and reality. Real
    world for a person with a kind of hysterical psyche acquires
    whimsical outlines; objective criterion is lost for him, which is often
    It gives reason to accuse others of such a person at the best of lies and
    pretense. Just wrong tantrums receives and processes
    his own body and his own psyche. some experiences
    completely escape his attention, while others, on the contrary, are estimated
    extremely thin. Because of the brightness of certain images and ideas and
    pallor of other people with a hysterical mentality all the time
    It does not distinguish between fantasy and reality, between occurred
    reality and vision in a dream, or rather speaking, is not able to do it.

    They are unable to systematic, hard work, the choice of the genus
    Occupation prefer amateurish activities and are baffled by the objectives,
    requiring perseverance, thorough knowledge and a solid
    training. Most of all, they like the idle life with
    external, ostentatious splendor, diverse entertainment, frequent
    changing experience. They willingly and selflessly perform rituals
    celebrations and banquets, in all tend to follow the fashion, visit
    enjoying success performances, "worship" of popular artists,
    discuss sensational books and t. n.

    Most of them are gullible, easily attached to people. at
    This often reveals a tendency to interpersonal erotization
    relations; fall quickly, setting the stage for numerous, often
    brief novels, accompanied at first stormy
    displays of affection. However, being fickle in their hobbies,
    they also cool down quickly. In more rare cases, persistent form
    ecstatic attachment formed by overvalued type

    People with this personality disorder may attract attention,
    exaggerating their physical ailments or sense of self
    weakness. In addition, they tend to exaggerate their relationship -
    for example, can consider themselves close friends of people who
    actually consider them as just casual acquaintances.

    What are the causes of hysterical personality disorders

    Most psychodynamic theorists believe that,
    as children, people with this disorder are faced with unhealthy
    relationship in which the cold and imperious parents made
    them feel unloved and caused fear of being rejected.
    To guard against the latent fear of loss, these individuals started
    dramatize the situation, inventing crises that encourage
    others show care for them.

    Cognitive explanations, in turn, pay special attention to
    lack of consistency and extreme suggestibility, is found among
    people with hysterical disorder. According to the theorists of cognitive
    direction, when people are becoming more and more self-centered and
    emotional, they have little opportunity for acquisition
    knowledge of world events. Since they do not have
    detailed memories of what they had never studied them
    We have to rely on intuition, or on other people. Some
    Cognitive theorists also believe that a person with this disorder
    adhere to the whole installation, that they are incapable of itself
    care, and therefore are constantly striving to find other people who
    satisfy their needs.

    Social and cultural theorists hypothesize that histrionic personality disorder
    It may be rooted in the norms and expectations of society. Modern society
    often encourages people to attract attention, give the features
    theatricality of their appearance and seek admiration from
    others. Social and cultural theorists argue that these values
    It can also be a prerequisite for the emergence of a hysterical and narcissistic disorders.

    What is the prognosis of hysterical psychopathy

    The prognosis of hysterical psychopathy in general can not be considered
    unfavorable. In adulthood, with good social conditions and
    employment conditions in the majority of cases can be long-term and stable
    compensation. With age, they become smoother and more serious, acquire
    necessary work skills, but the theatrical elements in the behavior
    remain; first of all it affects the ability to make a good,
    favorable to the impression arouse sympathy and, if necessary, and
    sympathy. The most complete with hysterical psychopathy processes
    compensation occur when prevalence among psychopathic
    manifestations of addiction to different vegetative and hysterical paroxysm
    (Cramps, feeling of suffocation when agitated, nausea, vomiting, aphonia, tremor
    fingers, numbness of the extremities and other disorders
    sensitivity). By 30-35 years of age are psychopathic
    personality sufficiently adapted to the actual situation may
    to correct their behavior. In life, it is emphasized mandatory
    people, diligent, successfully coping with their professional
    responsibilities of preserving family ties are strong enough. but
    in such cases hysterical psychopathy is more likely risk
    decompensation in old age, which is often associated with deterioration
    somatic condition (hypertension, ischemic heart disease and other diseases) and
    menopause. Along with growing depression, fatigue, tearfulness,
    anxious fears for his health to the forefront can be extended
    more resistant hypochondriac symptoms, accompanied by
    diverse pain, conversion, and autonomic disorders.

    Less favorable prognosis in case of prevalence of the structure
    hysterical personality tendency to pathological fantasy.
    Such psychopathic personality distinguished by some authors
    a separate group - the pathological swindlers and pseudologist, mifomany,
    liars and deceivers. These people are lying at a young age, sometimes for no reason
    and meaning. Some get used to so by their imagination
    situation that they themselves believe in them. One can enthusiastically talk about
    travel in the taiga as a part of a geological expedition,
    which they never participated; others without a medical
    education, describe if they made complex surgical
    operation. Fantasies sometimes turn into self-incrimination with declarations
    fictional crimes and even murders. Decompensation, usually
    quite frequent, occur either in the school years or more
    later, with the transition to self-employment. At first time
    after joining or transferring to a new place, they produce
    on others the impression of thoughtful, honest, enterprising,
    talented professionals. However, it soon found their full
    insolvency. They are extremely serious concern to the assigned work,
    incapable of systematic work, busy instead of real problems
    fantastic inventions. Compared with conventional tantrums
    pseudologist more active in an effort to realize their dreams.
    It is not always an innocent lie. Most prosecuted some
    selfish goals, leading to a clash with the law. From the number
    pseudologist formed a motley gallery of small scams
    soothsayers, marriage scams, charlatans posing as doctors,
    or extortion, receiving prizes and cash advances for
    services, which can never have.

    How is the treatment of hysterical personality disorders

    People with this disorder, unlike with most other persons
    personality disorders often enough to seek help. but
    working with them can be very difficult, because such customers may
    bring in the treatment process of their demands, whims and tricks
    seduction. Another problem is the following: persons with hysterical
    personality disorder may claim that they have made for themselves important
    open or that they have changed during the treatment period, only
    in order to please the therapist.

    Cognitive therapists try to help people with this disorder
    change the view of the helpless and to develop them over
    sophisticated, more rational ways of thinking and problem solving.

    Used as psychodynamic and group therapy.

    In all these approaches, physicians rely on the fact that people
    aware of their excessive dependence, find a way to get inside
    satisfaction and become more self-reliant. Clinical reports
    show that each of these approaches is useful in
    certain situations.

    Drug therapy helps less except
    cases of depressive symptoms observed in some patients.

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