Rheumatic fever is known to mankind for a long time. Even in ancient Chinese medicine treatises and writings of Hippocrates described the symptoms of the disease. Today, at the mention of rheumatism just remember inflamed, swollen joints. But in reality, the disease is more versatile.
Medically speaking, rheumatism - thissystemic infectious and allergic disease affecting tissues of the cardiovascular system and joints. Interestingly, women who suffer from rheumatism is about 3 times more often than men, but in the mature age group, this difference disappears. The recent increase in cases of rheumatic fever in children and adolescents, and the disease usually develops after nedolechennaya SARS and sore throats.
The primary cause of rheumatism is consideredstreptococcal infection that affects body with reduced immunity. This defeat streptococcus (group A) is responsible for the acute phase of the disease. Subsequently, when the protracted manifestations of rheumatic fever, to the fore allergic and autoimmune causes unpleasant symptoms. It is also shown that some genetic factors play a key role in the predisposition to rheumatic fever, and therefore more likely to suffer from rheumatism blood relatives.
As we have seen, rheumatism affects primarilyjoints, and such damage is called rheumatoid arthritis. By the way, among joint disorders rheumatoid arthritis is the most common. If the disease covers several joints, it is called polyarthritis. Particularly vulnerable ankle and wrist joints.
If only one kind suffers joints (usuallylarge joint such as the knee or elbow), it - rheumatoid monoarthritis. Interestingly, inflamed joints symmetrically, that is, at the same time on both legs.
The first symptom of acute rheumatoidfever is increasing, a sharp pain in the joints, which increases even with small movements. Amid the pain appears swollen joint area and the soft tissues of the articular joint. The pain intensifies when touched, and the skin becomes hot to the touch. Often accompanied by acute phase of rheumatic fever to 38-40S and profuse sweating.
Interestingly, the symptoms of arthritis is very "volatile": they can quickly disappear and some joints as quickly move to the other. If left untreated, over time, rheumatoid arthritis affects more and more joints, passing into the chronic stage. At the same time the patient is difficult to move in the morning there is a particular stiffness in the limbs.
In addition to rheumatism arthritis may increaselymph nodes, as well as irregularities in the peripheral nervous system (neuritis). Such extra-articular symptoms indicate low body resistance and high disease activity. With timely treatment, which we will discuss below, the unpleasant symptoms eventually recede.
The most dangerous complication of rheumatic fever is the defeat of the internal organs: kidneys, lungs and heart (myo- and endocarditis). Thus, the share of rheumatic fever accounts for about 80% of the acquired (ie, obtained after birth) heart defects. Malfunctions of the heart muscle and valves, leading to shortness of breath, increased heart rate, arrhythmias, chest pain.
At the first sign of acute rheumatic fever showbed rest or hospitalization, which lasts up to several weeks. In this period it is especially important to follow the doctor's orders and take medicines regularly. Usually, for the relief of symptoms of rheumatism using:
• anti-inflammatory agents (aspirin, indometacin, diclofenac);
• glucocorticoids (prednisolone, dexamethasone);
• antibiotics (penicillin, ampicillin);
• drugs to stimulate immune (gamma globulin, gistoglobulin).
Upon detection of cardiac lesions maythe use of drugs to stimulate cardiac activity - cardiac glycosides (strofantin, digoxin), diuretics and substances (furosemide). Great value plays and dieting: it is necessary to enrich the diet with fruits, vegetables, eggs, digestible proteins (chicken, lean beef, fish).
In order to maintain cardiac function should bepay attention to food with a high content of potassium ions (dried apricots, potatoes, buckwheat), and to stimulate the immune and inflammatory response - Vitamin C (rosehips, peppers, cauliflower, citrus fruit). It is important to limit the intake of salt and excess liquid, as they contribute to the swelling and increase the load on the heart.
To eliminate the widely used and rheumatismphysiotherapy (UHF-warming lamps, iontophoresis, infrared radiation). Effective paraffin and mud packs to the affected joints, as well as radon, oxygen, hydrogen sulfide baths. These procedures are included in the offer of many resorts, so the spa treatment is very popular with those suffering from rheumatism. When acute symptoms recede, it is important to massage therapy and fitness exercises to maintain joint function.
Recipes of traditional medicine offers an effective means for the relief of pain, eliminate swelling, joint anti-saturation components.
1 lemon (with peel) finely chop andpour a glass of vodka or diluted in 2 times of rubbing alcohol. Let sit for 2-3 days. Daily evening rub the aching joints resulting tincture, and then wraps the limb in a woolen or flannel cloth. Lemon has a good anti-inflammatory effect, and alcohol stimulates blood circulation, heats and increases the penetration of active substances deep into tissues.
This recipe can also be used with birchkidneys. 2-3 table spoons of kidneys should be finely chopped and pour vodka (alcohol). Apply the same way as the previous infusion. Birch buds unusually rich in vitamins, have excellent healing and anti-inflammatory effects.
To alleviate the symptoms of rheumatism and fita compress: lubricate the joints of patients with animal fat (preferably interior), apply a bandage of cotton or linen cloth dipped in vodka (alcohol), and wrap the top of the limb woolen cloth or feather scarf.