Birthmarks on the skin of a baby - excessiveits proliferation of certain cells. There are vascular (Angioma), pigmented and warty moles. Birthmarks can persist for life and may disappear with time. Some birthmarks are poetic names, such as a spot on the back of the head is called "stork bite" and a spot on the forehead or eyelids - "the kiss of an angel." These reddish birthmarks usually disappear after a few months after birth, but in some cases preserved for many years, before puberty. Other types of birthmarks can be maintained for life.
In fact, birthmarks - these are small moles,although there are also large birthmarks brown, ugly and often overgrown with hair. The only way to eliminate these birthmarks - surgical removal, but a large spot size, its unusual shape or inconvenient location (for example, in body folds) often complicates this simple procedure. There are several basic types of birthmarks.
Warts (pigmented nevi)
Warts - a rounded nodules formeddue to the strong proliferation of epithelial and lying beneath the papillary layer of the skin. Most warts are very common, it is harmless to the skin seal. Typically, warts are colored black or brown color, rarely - pink. Warts can be flat or convex, round or irregular shape, and also occur warts, hairy. Warts can appear anywhere in the body.
At birth, the warts are imperceptible and manifestOnly in early childhood and adolescence. At puberty the number of warts on the body increases, moreover, changing the shape and color of their tumors. The average adult human body can be found at 15-20 warts.
At an early stage of moles may be inflamedand red, but they change color and become less noticeable over time. In rare cases, the warts are cancerous in nature. Therefore, any wart that appeared after 35 years, require a medical examination. Pregnancy and birth control pills act as a catalyst to warts: darken and become more visible.
Surgical treatment of warts
To surgical removal of warts is recommended to resort to the following:
- If the wart is increasingly dark.
- If the build-up has a uniform color.
- If the wart is growing rapidly in size.
- If you change the edge of warts - are like torn or reddened.
- If warts are visible around the tiny black dots.
- If the wart bleeds, you should immediately show it to the doctor.
- If the wart is scratched.
Typically, warts do not need treatment, andany intervention is contraindicated. Exception: if the warts inconvenience or spoil the appearance. After the non-professional wart removal may remain scars.
Hemangioma - one of the most common types of birthmarks. Hemangioma - a benign tumor, which developed from the blood vessels.
The following types of hemangiomas:
Flaming nevus (Nevus Flammeus) or "port wine stain" - birthmarkspot, consisting of arachnids dilated blood vessels in the skin. These flat red spots often found on the face and scalp. Surgically remove them is not possible, for this you should use laser therapy or infrared radiation. "Wine stains" can disguise or make-up paint.
The cavernous hemangioma - A birthmark that appears on the bodythe child shortly after birth, grows rapidly, and is transformed from a small bluish spot in the reddish-blue cluster of blood vessels that can bleed. hemangioma size is growing rapidly, but in the end it decreases. For ten years in a discreet white scar remains on the child's body. For the treatment of cavernous hemangioma also recommend surgery as this can lead to more visible scar.
Cavernous hemangioma - A large birthmark, which can lead to secondary infections and skin ulceration. Cavernous hemangiomas often bleed, especially when any damage to built-up edge.
Capillary hemangiomas (Angiomatous naevus) is also known as"Strawberry" hemangiomas. Most often this type of hemangioma occurs in premature infants and in infants may appear a few days after birth. The rapidly growing.
"Bite the stork"
Some babies at the back there is a red birthmark, often covered with hair.
As a teenager in his arms and torsothe child may appear large warts brown, covered with hair. Remove them impossible, because after removal of the scars are still visible, and the warts themselves within a short time reappear.
These birthmarks, with the color from blue topale gray, there are babies on the back and buttocks, and sometimes on the legs and shoulders. "Mongol" spots completely harmless and disappears within 18-24 months.
Hanging moles are most often found on the neck, armpits and groin. Hanging moles can be removed current, radio waves, liquid nitrogen or laser.
Is it possible to remove a birthmark in the child
The answer to this question depends on the type of birthmarkspots. Some of the above nevi (eg hemangioma) should be removed. If the birthmark does not cause inconvenience, it is best not to touch it, and eventually it will disappear by itself. Of course, a large hemangioma on the face of the child hardly please the parents, but we must understand that the stain will disappear by itself by the time when the child starts school. In addition, doctors also recommend that parents resort to treatment. Some experts have criticized the expectant approach, citing the fact that the moles will never disappear, but early intervention can effectively remove some types of birthmarks. Therefore, before deciding, consult a number of experts.
Options for treatment of birthmarks
Options for treatment of birthmarks: cryosurgery (surgery with freezing birthmark), surgery, X-ray or laser therapy, and steroid therapy. The scars left after the removal of a birthmark, can be resolved with the help of cosmetic surgery. "Wine stains" can not be the complete removal, but laser therapy makes them less noticeable. Warts are usually removed surgically.